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FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *hän, From Proto-Finno-Ugric *se. Cognate to Hungarian ő. False cognate with Swedish han.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

hän

  1. (personal) he, she, one or singular they (only of a human being; the pronoun does not determine the sex of the person)

Usage notesEdit

  • In standard Finnish, hän is practically never omitted, despite the verb showing both the person and the number. (Compare the usage of he (they).)
  • In colloquial Finnish, the pronoun se (it) is often used in place of hän.
  • Hän is used in Kven.

DeclensionEdit

  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms don't exist; the abessive is hardly used. (To be more precise: the singular stem is declined like type 32 (sisar) in the singular cases, except of the accusative singular form hänet (see following note).)
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, hän and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, in this case hänet. This form would have been the nominative plural form of the first stem, if the word were not a personal pronoun.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

AdverbEdit

hän

  1. away, hence (from here, towards another place, towards someone else)

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *hän, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *se. Cognate to Hungarian ő. False cognate with Swedish han.

PronounEdit

hän (genitive hänen, partitive händast)

  1. he, she

InflectionEdit

Inflection of hän
nominative sing. hän
genitive sing. hänen
partitive sing. händast
partitive plur. heid
singular plural
nominative hän
accusative hänen
genitive hänen heiden
partitive händast heid
essive-instructive
translative
inessive hänes heiš
elative hänespäi heišpäi
illative hänehe heihe
adessive hänel heil
ablative hänelpäi heilpäi
allative hänele heile
abessive häneta heita
comitative hänenke heidenke
prolative
approximative I
approximative II
egressive
terminative I
terminative II
terminative III
additive I
additive II

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “он”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika