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Contents

AbauEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. woman

ReferencesEdit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

AcehneseEdit

Acehnese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *si-a, a combination of two pronominal members, Proto-Indo-European *kwih₂ and *h₂ew-/h₂en-.

PronounEdit

sa

  1. how much

Derived termsEdit


AmaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. rain

BahnarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bahnaric *caː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *caʔ (to eat); cognate with Halang cha, Koho saa, Semai ca, Pacoh cha, Khmer ស៊ី (sii) and Mon (cɛˀ).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sa

  1. to eat

BalineseEdit

Balinese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

BanjareseEdit

Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of asa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Derived termsEdit


CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin sanus.

AdjectiveEdit

sa (feminine sana, masculine plural sans, feminine plural sanes)

  1. healthy

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin ipsa.

ArticleEdit

sa f

  1. (Balearics) nominative feminine singular of es

DuriankereEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. water

Further readingEdit


DuunEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. fire

Further readingEdit


EstonianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • Sa (optional capitalization)

EtymologyEdit

Short form of sina

PronounEdit

sa

  1. you, thou (personal pronoun of the second person of singular in unstressed positions)
    Mis sa teed seal? - What are you doing there?

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *te or *tun.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɑ/
  • Hyphenation: sa

PronounEdit

sa

  1. (personal, archaic, poetic) you (singular; in archaic English: thou).

SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French sa, from Latin sua feminine form of suus.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

sa f

  1. (possessive) His, her, its, one's.
    Pierre a perdu sa carte d'identité.
    Pierre has lost his identity card.

Related termsEdit

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before the feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute h.
2 Also used for the singular polite form.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Either from Proto-Germanic *saliz (house, hall),[1] or from Proto-Germanic *sēaną (to sow).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sa f (plural sas)

  1. generation, litter
  2. sowing season

ReferencesEdit

  • sa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. sala.
  2. ^ Piel, J. M. (1973), "Betrachtungen zu hisp.-got. *sala, gal.-pg. Sáa, Sá", in Studia Iberica. Festschrift für Hans Flache. München: Francke Verlag. page 463.

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

sa

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰

GuaraníEdit

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) hundred

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French ça

DeterminerEdit

sa

  1. this
  2. these
  3. that
  4. those

PronounEdit

sa

  1. (demonstrative) this
  2. (demonstrative) these
  3. (demonstrative) that
  4. (demonstrative) those
  5. (interrogative) what
  6. (relative) what

Derived termsEdit


HaroiEdit

Haroi cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

sa

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of sua.
    • 1909-1910, Progreso – duesma yaro, page 40:
      Segun sa opiniono la max (maxim) importanta neceso por I.L. esas la max granda perfekteso, e ne la amaso di adheranti, [...]
      According to his opionion the most important necessity for an I.L. is the perfection, and not the amount of adherents, [...]

IndonesianEdit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of esa, from Malay se, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier ins an, from Old Irish issin(d), from Proto-Celtic *in sindū/sindai (in the m sg/f sg dative) and *in sindom/sindam (into the m sg/f sg accusative).

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

sa

  1. Contraction of i + an.
    Tá an fear sa bhád.The man is in the boat
    Tá na páistí ag súgradh sa tsráid.The children are playing in the street.
    Táimid inár suí sa seomra (or) tseomra.We are sitting in the room.

Usage notesEdit

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *i an never appears uncontracted. Used before consonant sounds only. Triggers lenition of b, c, f, g, m, and p in Munster varieties and eclipsis in the Ulster and Connacht varieties. Changes initial s to ts in feminine nouns and, in some varieties, masculine nouns.

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "sa" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “sa” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “sa” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (misspelling)

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -a

VerbEdit

sa

  1. third-person singular present indicative of sapere
    Giovanni sa dov'è Laura.Giovanni knows where Laura is.

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

sa

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

JaraiEdit

Jarai cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

KamakanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. (Kotoxo) water

ReferencesEdit

  • Chestmir Loukotka, La família lingüística Kamakan del Brasil
  • Márcio Silva Martins Andérbio, Revisão da família lingüística Kamakã proposta por Chestmir Loukotka (thesis, Université de Brasilia, 2007 page 52)

LigurianEdit

LivonianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

See etymology at Finnish sinä.

PronounEdit

sa

  1. you; second person pronoun, referring to the addressee

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, →ISBN


Lower SorbianEdit

PrepositionEdit

sa

  1. Obsolete spelling of za

MalayEdit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (pre-1972) Obsolete spelling of se

Derived termsEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

sa (Zhuyin ˙ㄙㄚ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of 𠮿

sa

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

MasalitEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Timothy Leffel, Focus constructions in Masalit (New York University, 05/31/2011)

MatalEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Likely from Proto-Chadic *sa (to drink).[1]

VerbEdit

sa

  1. to drink
    Kà uwana may azà à gi, kavàw à gi tatak may, nəlay akə̀s à gi, katə̀ɗàw gi iyaw gəsà, gəgà məlok gà, kakə̀sàw gi la ahàl səla. (Mata 25:35) [2]
    For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink (lit: so I drank), I was a stranger and you welcomed me as a guest. (Matthew 25:35)
    Kəla uwabeyuwi uwana asà iyaw aŋa suwa uwanay, nəlay adàkəsay aya (Yuhana 4:13) [3]
    Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again.(John 4:13)

Etymology 2Edit

Likely from Proto-Chadic *(-)sə (to come).[4]

VerbEdit

sa

  1. to come
    La kità Yuhana asà à waŋ, azùw aw, asà aw, ŋgaha azladza tagòɗ kà: 'Masla la masasəɗok mawisiga.' (Mata 11:18) [5]
    For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon!’ (Matthew 11:18)
    La mavakay uwatà Yesu asà à uda la kay, ŋgaha ahàd adzà madzay la gay dərəv kà matapla tatak à azladza. (Matthew 13:1) [6]
    ​On that day Jesus came out of the house and was sitting by the sea. (Matthew 13:1)
    "à waŋ, à waŋ", tagòɗ à mamətsay, ama mamətsay ahòy atà à ahàl. (Mafətala 9:6) [7]
    Come here, come here, they said to the death, but the death flew from them (Revelation 9:6)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Newman, Paul (1977) Chadic Classification and Reconstructions (Afroasiatic Linguistics; 5)‎[1], Malibu: Undena
  2. ^ http://listen.bible.is/MFHWYI/Matt/25#35
  3. ^ http://listen.bible.is/MFHWYI/John/4#13
  4. ^ Newman, Paul (1977) Chadic Classification and Reconstructions (Afroasiatic Linguistics; 5)‎[2], Malibu: Undena
  5. ^ http://listen.bible.is/MFHWYI/Matt/11#18
  6. ^ http://listen.bible.is/MFHWYI/Matt/13#1
  7. ^ http://listen.bible.is/MFHWYI/Rev/9

MinangkabauEdit

Minangkabau cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Northern RoglaiEdit

Northern Roglai cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

sa

  1. simple past of si

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

sa

  1. past tense of seia

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sua, feminine of suus.

DeterminerEdit

sa f (masculine son, plural ses)

  1. his/hers/its (third-person singular possessive)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: sa

Old FrisianEdit

ConjunctionEdit

  1. so
  2. as
  3. or

Old IrishEdit

DeterminerEdit

sa

  1. Alternative spelling of so

Palu'eEdit

Palu'e cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese saber and Spanish saber and Kabuverdianu sabe.

VerbEdit

sa

  1. to know

PawaiaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Phonological Considerations of Pawaia, in Oceania Linguistic Monographs, issues 14-15 (1971)
  • Transnewguinea.org, citing both D. Trefry, A comparative study of Kuman and Pawaian (1969) and G. E. MacDonald, The Teberan Language Family, pages 111-121, in The Linguistic Situation in the Gulf District and Adjacent Area, Papua New Guinea (editor K. J. Franklin) (1973)

RadeEdit

Rade cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

RomaniEdit

PronounEdit

sa

  1. all

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *sa, from Latin sua, the feminine form of suus.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

sa f

  1. feminine singular of său: his/her

PronounEdit

sa f (possessive pronouns)

  1. (preceded by "a") his/hers (that which is his or hers)

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

anns + a'

PrepositionEdit

sa

  1. in the

Usage notesEdit

  • This form is used before nouns beginning with b, c, g, m or p; otherwise san is used instead.

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PrepositionEdit

sa (Cyrillic spelling са)

  1. Alternative form of s; used instead of s when the following word or group of words start with sibilants s, z, š or ž and before instrumental form of first-person pronoun ja.

SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *sę.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

sa

  1. Replaces the accusative of any personal pronoun whenever the object, whether expressed or implied, is of the same person as the subject. Typically can be translated as the corresponding version of oneself:
    vidím sa v zrkadleI see myself in the mirror
    Koho vidíš v zrkadle? Seba.
    Whom do you see in the mirror? Myself.
  2. (reflexive) Bound with certain verbs, similar to the Italian si. The pronoun is a part of the verb.
    modliť sato pray

Usage notesEdit

  • In regular sentences, it has to be on the 2nd position of the sentence.
    Modlím sa.
    I am praying.
  • In sentences in the past tense, sa moves to the third position while the inflected form of the verb byť takes the 2nd position.
    Modlil som sa.
    I was praying.
  • In hypothetical sentences, sa moves to the fourth position of the sentences with the inflected form of byť occupying the 3rd position and the pronoun by taking the 2nd position.
    Modlil by som sa, keby...
    I would pray, if ...

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sa in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apocopic form of sade

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sa

  1. past tense of säga.

TagalogEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

sa

  1. indirect object marker; of, from, to, at, on, in, into, onto, through, among, around, for, by
  2. used in combination with other words to form more specific prepositional phrases:
    sa pamamagitan ngby means of
    mula safrom

TunicaEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. dog

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sa

  1. (medicine equipment) gauze

VerbEdit

sa

  1. fall (especially from the sky), drop down, prolapse

WelshEdit

VerbEdit

sa

  1. (colloquial, South Wales) first-person singular present negative of bod
    Sa i’n gwybod.
    I don’t know.
  2. (colloquial) Contraction of basai.

Usage notesEdit

Unlike other negative verb forms, the present negative form—and so, which is used for all other persons—is not complemented by ddim after the subject.


West FrisianEdit

ConjunctionEdit

sa

  1. so

Western ChamEdit

Western Cham cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > ‎
    Cardinal : sa

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

NumeralEdit

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

XaragureEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Drehu xe (smack).

VerbEdit

sa

  1. hit

ReferencesEdit

  • Claire Moyse-Faurie, Constructions expressing middle, reflexive and reciprocal situations in some Oceanic languages, in Reciprocals and Reflexives: Theoretical and Typological Explorations

ZhuangEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to Mandarin (shā) or Lao ຊາຍ (sāi) and Thai ทราย (saai)?”

PronunciationEdit

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /θa˨˦/
  • Tone numbers: sa1
  • Hyphenation: sa

NounEdit

sa (old orthography sa)

  1. sand

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

VerbEdit

-sá

  1. (intransitive) to dawn
InflectionEdit
Tone H
Infinitive ukusa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusa ukungasi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yisa yise
Plural yisani yiseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasa, ngisa engisayo, engisa ngisa angisi engingasi ngingasi
2nd singular uyasa, usa osayo, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
1st plural siyasa, sisa esisayo, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
2nd plural niyasa, nisa enisayo, enisa nisa anisi eningasi ningasi
Class 1 uyasa, usa osayo, osa esa akasi ongasi engasi
Class 2 bayasa, basa abasayo, abasa besa abasi abangasi bengasi
Class 3 uyasa, usa osayo, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
Class 4 iyasa, isa esayo, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 5 liyasa, lisa elisayo, elisa lisa alisi elingasi lingasi
Class 6 ayasa, asa asayo, asa esa awasi angasi engasi
Class 7 siyasa, sisa esisayo, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
Class 8 ziyasa, zisa ezisayo, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 9 iyasa, isa esayo, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 10 ziyasa, zisa ezisayo, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 11 luyasa, lusa olusayo, olusa lusa alusi olungasi lungasi
Class 14 buyasa, busa obusayo, obusa busa abusi obungasi bungasi
Class 15 kuyasa, kusa okusayo, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Class 17 kuyasa, kusa okusayo, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisile, ngisē engisile, engisē ngisile, ngisē angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nisile, nisē enisile, enisē nisile, nisē anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 usile, usē osile, osē esile, esē akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 basile, basē abasile, abasē besile, besē abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lisile, lisē elisile, elisē lisile, lisē alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 asile, asē asile, asē esile, esē awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lusile, lusē olusile, olusē lusile, lusē alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 busile, busē obusile, obusē busile, busē abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsa engāsa ngāsa angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nāsa enāsa nāsa anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 wāsa owāsa āsa akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 bāsa abāsa bāsa abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lāsa elāsa lāsa alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 āsa āsa āsa awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lwāsa olwāsa lwāsa alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 bāsa obāsa bāsa abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasa ngingasa ngingese ngingese
2nd singular ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
1st plural singasa singasa singese singese
2nd plural ningasa ningasa ningese ningese
Class 1 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 2 bangasa bengasa bangese bengese
Class 3 ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
Class 4 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 5 lingasa lingasa lingese lingese
Class 6 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 7 singasa singasa singese singese
Class 8 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 9 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 10 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 11 lungasa lungasa lungese lungese
Class 14 bungasa bungasa bungese bungese
Class 15 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Class 17 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokusa engizokusa ngizokusa angizukusa ngingezukusa
2nd singular uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
1st plural sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
2nd plural nizokusa enizokusa nizokusa anizukusa ningezukusa
Class 1 uzokusa ozokusa ezokusa akazukusa engezukusa
Class 2 bazokusa abazokusa bezokusa abazukusa bengezukusa
Class 3 uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
Class 4 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 5 lizokusa elizokusa lizokusa alizukusa lingezukusa
Class 6 azokusa azokusa ezokusa awazukusa engezukusa
Class 7 sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
Class 8 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 9 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 10 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 11 luzokusa oluzokusa luzokusa aluzukusa lungezukusa
Class 14 buzokusa obuzokusa buzokusa abuzukusa bungezukusa
Class 15 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Class 17 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokusa engiyokusa ngiyokusa angiyukusa ngingeyukusa
2nd singular uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
1st plural siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
2nd plural niyokusa eniyokusa niyokusa aniyukusa ningeyukusa
Class 1 uyokusa oyokusa eyokusa akayukusa engeyukusa
Class 2 bayokusa abayokusa beyokusa abayukusa bengeyukusa
Class 3 uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
Class 4 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 5 liyokusa eliyokusa liyokusa aliyukusa lingeyukusa
Class 6 ayokusa ayokusa eyokusa awayukusa engeyukusa
Class 7 siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
Class 8 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 9 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 10 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 11 luyokusa oluyokusa luyokusa aluyukusa lungeyukusa
Class 14 buyokusa obuyokusa buyokusa abuyukusa bungeyukusa
Class 15 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Class 17 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngise ngingasi
2nd singular use ungasi
1st plural sise singasi
2nd plural nise ningasi
Class 1 ase angasi
Class 2 base bangasi
Class 3 use ungasi
Class 4 ise ingasi
Class 5 lise lingasi
Class 6 ase angasi
Class 7 sise singasi
Class 8 zise zingasi
Class 9 ise ingasi
Class 10 zise zingasi
Class 11 luse lungasi
Class 14 buse bungasi
Class 15 kuse kungasi
Class 17 kuse kungasi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasa angisa
2nd singular wasa awusa
1st plural sasa asisa
2nd plural nasa anisa
Class 1 wasa akasa
Class 2 basa abasa
Class 3 wasa awusa
Class 4 yasa ayisa
Class 5 lasa alisa
Class 6 asa awasa
Class 7 sasa asisa
Class 8 zasa azisa
Class 9 yasa ayisa
Class 10 zasa azisa
Class 11 lwasa alusa
Class 14 basa abusa
Class 15 kwasa akusa
Class 17 kwasa akusa

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

VerbEdit

-sa

  1. (transitive) to take to
  2. (transitive) to convey, to send, to transfer
InflectionEdit
Tone L
Infinitive ukusa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusa ukungasi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yisa yise
Plural yisani yiseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasa, ngisa engisayo, engisa ngisa angisi engingasi ngingasi
2nd singular uyasa, usa osayo, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
1st plural siyasa, sisa esisayo, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
2nd plural niyasa, nisa enisayo, enisa nisa anisi eningasi ningasi
Class 1 uyasa, usa osayo, osa esa akasi ongasi engasi
Class 2 bayasa, basa abasayo, abasa besa abasi abangasi bengasi
Class 3 uyasa, usa osayo, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
Class 4 iyasa, isa esayo, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 5 liyasa, lisa elisayo, elisa lisa alisi elingasi lingasi
Class 6 ayasa, asa asayo, asa esa awasi angasi engasi
Class 7 siyasa, sisa esisayo, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
Class 8 ziyasa, zisa ezisayo, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 9 iyasa, isa esayo, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 10 ziyasa, zisa ezisayo, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 11 luyasa, lusa olusayo, olusa lusa alusi olungasi lungasi
Class 14 buyasa, busa obusayo, obusa busa abusi obungasi bungasi
Class 15 kuyasa, kusa okusayo, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Class 17 kuyasa, kusa okusayo, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisile, ngisē engisile, engisē ngisile, ngisē angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nisile, nisē enisile, enisē nisile, nisē anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 usile, usē osile, osē esile, esē akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 basile, basē abasile, abasē besile, besē abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lisile, lisē elisile, elisē lisile, lisē alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 asile, asē asile, asē esile, esē awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lusile, lusē olusile, olusē lusile, lusē alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 busile, busē obusile, obusē busile, busē abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsa engāsa ngāsa angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nāsa enāsa nāsa anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 wāsa owāsa āsa akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 bāsa abāsa bāsa abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lāsa elāsa lāsa alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 āsa āsa āsa awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lwāsa olwāsa lwāsa alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 bāsa obāsa bāsa abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasa ngingasa ngingese ngingese
2nd singular ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
1st plural singasa singasa singese singese
2nd plural ningasa ningasa ningese ningese
Class 1 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 2 bangasa bengasa bangese bengese
Class 3 ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
Class 4 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 5 lingasa lingasa lingese lingese
Class 6 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 7 singasa singasa singese singese
Class 8 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 9 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 10 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 11 lungasa lungasa lungese lungese
Class 14 bungasa bungasa bungese bungese
Class 15 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Class 17 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokusa engizokusa ngizokusa angizukusa ngingezukusa
2nd singular uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
1st plural sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
2nd plural nizokusa enizokusa nizokusa anizukusa ningezukusa
Class 1 uzokusa ozokusa ezokusa akazukusa engezukusa
Class 2 bazokusa abazokusa bezokusa abazukusa bengezukusa
Class 3 uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
Class 4 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 5 lizokusa elizokusa lizokusa alizukusa lingezukusa
Class 6 azokusa azokusa ezokusa awazukusa engezukusa
Class 7 sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
Class 8 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 9 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 10 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 11 luzokusa oluzokusa luzokusa aluzukusa lungezukusa
Class 14 buzokusa obuzokusa buzokusa abuzukusa bungezukusa
Class 15 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Class 17 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokusa engiyokusa ngiyokusa angiyukusa ngingeyukusa
2nd singular uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
1st plural siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
2nd plural niyokusa eniyokusa niyokusa aniyukusa ningeyukusa
Class 1 uyokusa oyokusa eyokusa akayukusa engeyukusa
Class 2 bayokusa abayokusa beyokusa abayukusa bengeyukusa
Class 3 uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
Class 4 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 5 liyokusa eliyokusa liyokusa aliyukusa lingeyukusa
Class 6 ayokusa ayokusa eyokusa awayukusa engeyukusa
Class 7 siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
Class 8 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 9 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 10 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 11 luyokusa oluyokusa luyokusa aluyukusa lungeyukusa
Class 14 buyokusa obuyokusa buyokusa abuyukusa bungeyukusa
Class 15 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Class 17 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngise ngingasi
2nd singular use ungasi
1st plural sise singasi
2nd plural nise ningasi
Class 1 ase angasi
Class 2 base bangasi
Class 3 use ungasi
Class 4 ise ingasi
Class 5 lise lingasi
Class 6 ase angasi
Class 7 sise singasi
Class 8 zise zingasi
Class 9 ise ingasi
Class 10 zise zingasi
Class 11 luse lungasi
Class 14 buse bungasi
Class 15 kuse kungasi
Class 17 kuse kungasi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasa angisa
2nd singular wasa awusa
1st plural sasa asisa
2nd plural nasa anisa
Class 1 wasa akasa
Class 2 basa abasa
Class 3 wasa awusa
Class 4 yasa ayisa
Class 5 lasa alisa
Class 6 asa awasa
Class 7 sasa asisa
Class 8 zasa azisa
Class 9 yasa ayisa
Class 10 zasa azisa
Class 11 lwasa alusa
Class 14 basa abusa
Class 15 kwasa akusa
Class 17 kwasa akusa

ReferencesEdit