Danish edit

Etymology edit

A borrowing from Middle Low German sin (sense, perception, mind), from Old Saxon *sinn, from Proto-West Germanic *sinn.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sind n (singular definite sindet, plural indefinite sind)

  1. mind
  2. temper, disposition

Derived terms edit

References edit

Estonian edit

Pronoun edit

sind

  1. partitive singular of sina

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German sint. See sein for more. The modern spelling with d probably because nd is much more frequent in German than nt; perhaps also influenced by the present participle in -end.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /zɪnt/, [zɪnt], (southern also) [sɪnt]
  • IPA(key): /zɪn/ (colloquial; chiefly central and southern Germany)
  • (file)

Verb edit

sind

  1. first-person plural present of sein
    Wir sind hier drüben.We are over here.
  2. second-person plural present of sein
    Wo sind Sie?Where are you? (polite form)
  3. third-person plural present of sein
    Da sind sie.There they are.

Usage notes edit

  • Colloquially, the verb may contract with the following pronoun wir (we) into the form simmer.

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

sind

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌹𐌽𐌳

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English sind, plural present indicative of wesan (to be), from Proto-Germanic *sindi, third-person plural present indicative of *wesaną (to be, become), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

Verb edit

sind

  1. (Early Middle English) plural present indicative of been

Usage notes edit

The usual plural form of been is aren in the North, been in the Midlands, and beth in the South; sind also existed, especially early on, but was not the predominant form in any area.

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *sindi, third-person plural present indicative of *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sénti, third-person plural present indicative of *h₁ésti.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

sind

  1. plural present indicative of wesan

Old High German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *sinþ.

Noun edit

sind m

  1. way
  2. travel
  3. direction
  4. side

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. Köbler, Gerhard, Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch, (6. Auflage) 2014
  2. Wright, Joesph, An Old High German Primer, Second Edition (1906)

Scots edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English sinden (to wash, rinse out), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Old Norse synda (to swim).

Verb edit

sind

  1. (transitive) To rinse; swill; wash.