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DanishEdit

NounEdit

aren c

  1. definite singular of ar

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

aren

  1. Plural form of aar
  2. Plural form of are

KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *Heh₃ln.

NounEdit

aren f

  1. (anatomy) elbow

SynonymsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English earon, earun, arun, alternative present plural of wesan (to be), from Proto-Germanic *arun, an innovated third-person present plural of *beuną (to be, become).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaːrən/, /ˈarən/

VerbEdit

aren

  1. Plural present indicative form of been

Usage notesEdit

The usual plural form of been is aren in the North, been in the Midlands, and beth in the South; sind also existed, especially early on, but was not the predominant form in any area.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: are

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

aren

  1. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of arar.
  2. (used formally in Spain) Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of arar.
  3. (used formally in Spain) Second-person plural present subjunctive form of arar.

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

aren

  1. definite plural of ar

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh arenn, from Proto-Celtic *ārū. Cognate with Old Irish áru and perhaps more distantly with Hittite [script needed] (ḫaḫri-), Latin rēn, and Tocharian A āriñc (heart).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aren f (plural arennau)

  1. kidney

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
aren unchanged unchanged haren
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “aren”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*āron-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 42