See also: SOP and söp

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sop, soppe, sope, from Old English sopa (sopped bread), from Proto-Germanic *supô (compare Dutch sop, Old High German sopfa), deverbative of *sūpaną (to sup). More at sup; compare soup.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sop (countable and uncountable, plural sops)

  1. Something entirely soaked.
  2. A piece of solid food to be soaked in liquid food.
  3. Something given or done to pacify or bribe.
    • 1692, Roger L’Estrange, “[The Fables of Æsop, &c.] Fab[le] LXXXVIII. A Man Bit by a Dog.”, in Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: [], London: [] R[ichard] Sare, [], OCLC 228727523, page 85:
      Ill Nature, in fine, is not to be Cur’d with a Sop; but on the contrary, Quarrelſome Men, as well as Quarrelſome Currs are worſe for fair Uſage.
    • 1996, Bernard Knox, Introduction to Robert Fagles's translation of The Odyssey:
      The suggested petrification of the ship is a sop to gratify Poseidon and compensate him for a concession--the Phaeacians will not be cut off from the sea.
    • 2020, Robert Kagan, “China’s dangerous Taiwan temptation”, in Washington Post[1]:
      That agreement, with its lofty promises of “one country, two systems,” was a fig leaf, as most knew at the time — a sop to Western consciences guilty for condemning the people of Hong Kong to their ultimate fate as wards of Beijing. What is happening today is exactly what was predicted and exactly what Chinese leaders intended. Our outrage, while appropriate, is also embarrassing.
  4. A weak, easily frightened or ineffectual person; a milksop
  5. (Appalachia) Gravy.
  6. (obsolete) A thing of little or no value.
  7. A piece of turf placed in the road as a target for a throw in road bowling.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sop (third-person singular simple present sops, present participle sopping, simple past and past participle sopped)

  1. (transitive) To steep or dip in any liquid.
    • 1928, Newman Ivey White, American Negro Folk-Songs, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, page 227:
      When I die, don't bury me deep, / Put a jug of 'lasses at my feet, / And a piece of corn bread in my hand, / Gwine to sop my way to the promised land.
    • 1945 December 27, Emily Post, “Sopping Bread May Be Done”, in The Spokesman-Review[2]:
      So again let me say that sopping bread into gravy can be done properly merely by putting a piece down on the gravy and then soaking it with the help of a knife and fork as though it were any other food. But taking a soft piece of bread and pushing it under the sauce with your fingers, submerging them as well as the bread, or even wiping the plate with it would be very bad manners indeed.
  2. (intransitive) To soak in, or be soaked; to percolate.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch sop (soup), from Old Dutch *sop, from Proto-Germanic *suppą. In the sense “water with soap” it is a shortening of zeepsop.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sop n (plural soppen, diminutive sopje n)

  1. water with soap, usually for washing
  2. the sea in terms of somebody who will sail on it
    Het ruime sop kiezen.
    To set sail.
  3. (now dialectal) Archaic form of soep.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: sop

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch sop

NounEdit

sop (first-person possessive sopku, second-person possessive sopmu, third-person possessive sopnya)

  1. soup

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish sop(p), from Latin stuppa (coarse flax, tow)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sop m (genitive singular soip, nominative plural soip)

  1. wisp, small bundle (of straw, etc.)
  2. straw bedding; (straw) bed

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

sop (present analytic sopann, future analytic sopfaidh, verbal noun sopadh, past participle soptha)

  1. (transitive) light with straw

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sop shop
after an, tsop
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

sop

  1. small amount of food

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English soap.

NounEdit

sop

  1. cleaner

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

sop n (plural soppen, diminutive sopke)

  1. juice
  2. soup

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sop”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

West UveanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English soap.

NounEdit

sop

  1. soap

ReferencesEdit

  • Claire Moyse-Faurie, Borrowings from Romance languages in Oceanic languages, in Aspects of Language Contact (2008, →ISBN