From Middle English sop, soppe, sope, from Old English sopa (“sopped bread”), from Proto-Germanic *supô (compare Dutch sop, Old High German sopfa), deverbative of *sūpaną (“to sup”). More at sup; compare soup.
sop (plural sops)
- Something entirely soaked.
- The bounded waters / Should lift their bosoms higher than the shores, / And make a sop of all this solid globe.
- A piece of solid food to be soaked in liquid food.
- Bible, John xiii. 26
- He it is to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it.
- Francis Bacon
- Sops in wine, quantity for quantity, inebriate more than wine itself.
- Bible, John xiii. 26
- Something given or done to pacify or bribe.
- All nature is cured with a sop.
- 1996, Bernard Knox, Introduction to Robert Fagles's translation of The Odyssey:
- The suggested petrification of the ship is a sop to gratify Poseidon and compensate him for a concession--the Phaeacians will not be cut off from the sea.
- A weak, easily frightened or ineffectual person; a milksop
- (Appalachia) Gravy.
- (obsolete) A thing of little or no value.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
- A piece of turf placed in the road as a target for a throw in road bowling.
- To steep or dip in any liquid.
- 1928, White, Newman Ivey, American Negro Folk-Songs, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, page 227:
- When I die, don't bury me deep, / Put a jug of 'lasses at my feet, / And a piece of corn bread in my hand, / Gwine to sop my way to the promised land.
- 1945 December 27, Post, Emily, “Sopping Bread May Be Done”, in The Spokesman-Review:
- So again let me say that sopping bread into gravy can be done properly merely by putting a piece down on the gravy and then soaking it with the help of a knife and fork as though it were any other food. But taking a soft piece of bread and pushing it under the sauce with your fingers, submerging them as well as the bread, or even wiping the plate with it would be very bad manners indeed.
- water with soap, usually for washing
- the sea in terms of somebody who will sail on it
- Het ruime sop kiezen.
- To set sail.
- dul chun soip (“to go to bed”)
- sopachán m (“straw bedding; straw pallet, shakedown; nesting material; wispy person; unkempt person”)
- sop a chur faoin eallach (“to bed down the cattle”)
- sopaireacht f (“(act of) gathering wisps (for bedding, nest)”)
- sopán m, sopóg f (“(little) wisp; little bundle, handful, of straw, etc.; torch (of straw, bog-deal)”)
- sopcheann m (“mophead”)
- sop de dhuine (“wispy person; unkempt person”)
- sop reaca (“vintner’s bush”)
- sop siúirdín, sop siúirlín (“twisted wisp of straw as light for pipe”)
- sop srathrach (“straddle-mat”)
- tuidín soip (“trumpery thing”)
* Indirect relative
† Archaic or dialect form
‡‡ Dependent form used with particles that trigger eclipsis
after an, tsop
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- "sop" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
- Entries containing “sop” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
- Entries containing “sop” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
- “sop”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011