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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German spīwan, from Proto-Germanic *spīwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ptyēw- (to spit, vomit). Compare Dutch spuwen, spugen, English spew, Danish spy.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃpaɪ̯ən/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

speien (class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present speit, past tense spie, past participle gespien or gespieen, auxiliary haben)

  1. to spit
  2. (euphemistic) to vomit

ConjugationEdit

  • The past participle currently has two different pronunciations: one corresponding to gespien [ɡəˈʃpiːn] and the other to gespieen [ɡəˈʃpiːən]. Today, though, the only official spelling is gespien, regardless of pronunciation.
  • Similary the conjunctive (subjunctive) is spelled spiee or spie. Both are pronounced [ˈʃpiːə], but only the latter spelling is official nowadays.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit