From Middle English sumac, asimac, simak, sumak, symak (“portions of the shrub Rhus coriaria, chiefly used for medicinal purposes”), from Anglo-Norman sumak, symak, and Old French sumac, or directly from its etymon Medieval Latin sumach, sumac, from Arabic سُمَّاق (summāq), from Classical Syriac ܣܘܡܩܐ (summāqā, “red; sumac”). The English word is cognate with Italian sommaco, sommacco, Occitan simac, Portuguese sumagre, Spanish zumaque.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈs(j)uːmæk/, /ˈʃuː-/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsuːˌmæk/, /ˈsu-/
- Hyphenation: su‧mac
- Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Rhus and other genera in Anacardiaceae, particularly the elm-leaved sumac, Sicilian sumac, or tanner's sumac (Rhus coriaria).
- 1957 May 4, J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, “Zooey”, in The New Yorker, New York, N.Y.: New Yorker Magazine Inc., ISSN 0028-792X, OCLC 243417341, page 32 (start of article):
- There was a Steinway grand piano [...] a cherrywood writing table, and an assortment of floor lamps, table lamps, and "bridge" lamps that sprang up all over the congested inscape like sumac.
- Dried and chopped-up leaves and stems of a plant of the genus Rhus, particularly the tanner's sumac (see sense 1), used for dyeing and tanning leather or for medicinal purposes.
- 1985, Balakian, Peter, “The Oriental Rug”, in Robert Pack, Jay Parini, editors, Introspections: American poets on one of their own poems, Hanover and London: University Press of New England for Middlebury College Press, published 1997, →ISBN, page 30:
- I feel the wool give way
as if six centuries of feet
had worn it back to the hard
earth floor it was made to cover.
Six centuries of Turkish heels
on my spine-dyed back:
madder, genista, sumac—
one skin color in the soil.
- A sour spice popular in the Eastern Mediterranean, made from the berries of tanner's sumac.
- Chinese sumac (Rhus chinensis)
- desert sumac (Rhus microphylla)
- elm-leaved sumac (Rhus coriaria)
- evergreen sumac (Rhus virens)
- fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica)
- Kearney sumac (Rhus kearneyi)
- laurel sumac (Malosma laurina, formerly Rhus laurina)
- lemonade sumac (Rhus integrifolia)
- littleleaf sumac (Rhus microphylla)
- Mearn's sumac (Rhus choriophylla)
- Michaux's sumac (Rhus michauxii)
- Müller's sumac (Rhus muelleri)
- poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)
- prairie sumac (Rhus lanceolata)
- Punjab sumac (Rhus punjabensis)
- shining sumac (Rhus copallina)
- Sicilian sumac (Rhus coriaria)
- skunkbush sumac (Rhus trilobata)
- smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)
- staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)
- sugar sumac (Rhus ovata)
- tanner's sumac (Rhus coriaria)
- winged sumac (Rhus copallina)
- sumac on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- sumac (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Anacardiaceae on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
- Anacardiaceae on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
sumac m (plural sumacs)