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Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2019/November

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2019
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6Edit

 

Word of the day for November 6
Hansard n
  1. (historical) A member of a Hanse (merchant guild), or a resident of a Hanse towns. []
  2. (chiefly Britain, Commonwealth of Nations) The official report of debates and other proceedings in the British and some Commonwealth parliaments.

  The English printer Thomas Curson Hansard, who printed reports of debates and proceedings in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, was born on this day in 1776.

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14Edit

 

Word of the day for November 14
pandect n
  1. (Ancient Rome, law, historical) Usually in the plural form Pandects: a compendium or digest of writings on Roman law divided in 50 books, compiled in the 6th century C.E. by order of the Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I (c. 482–565).
  2. (by extension, rare) Also in the plural form pandects: a comprehensive collection of laws; specifically, the whole body of law of a country; a legal code.
  3. (by extension, also figuratively) A treatise or similar work that is comprehensive as to a particular topic; specifically (Christianity) a manuscript of the entire Bible.

  The Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I, who ordered the compilation of the Pandects (sense 1), died on this day in 565.

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18Edit

 

Word of the day for November 18
Minecrafter n
  1. A person who plays the game Minecraft.

  The video game Minecraft was released on this day in 2011.

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19Edit

 

Word of the day for November 19
ordure n
  1. Dung, excrement.
  2. (by extension) Dirt, filth.
  3. (by extension) Something regarded as contaminating or perverting the morals; obscene material.

  Today is designated by the United Nations as World Toilet Day to draw attention to inadequate sanitation facilities in countries around the world.

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20Edit

 

Word of the day for November 20
Nuremberg defense n
  1. (ethics, international law, idiomatic, American spelling) An explanation offered as an excuse for behaving in a criminal or wrongful manner, claiming that acted in this way because one was ordered by others (particularly superiors) to do so.
  2. (US law, by extension, American spelling) An explanation offered as a defense to criminal or wrongful behavior, claiming that one is justified in not obeying a governmental order or a domestic law because the order or law is itself unlawful.

  The trials of major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany, after World War II began on this day in 1945, lasting till 1 October 1946.

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22Edit

 

Word of the day for November 22
grace note n
  1. (music) A musical note, indicated on a score in smaller type with or without a slash through it, played to ornament the melody rather than as part of it. Its note value does not count as part of the total time value of the measure it appears in.
  2. (figuratively) Something that decorates, embellishes, or ornaments; a finishing touch.

  For some Christian churches, today is the feast day of Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of musicians.

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30Edit

 

Word of the day for November 30
laird n
  1. (chiefly Scotland) The owner of a Scottish estate; a member of the landed gentry, a landowner.
  2. (chiefly Scotland, historical) Often in the form Laird of, followed by a patronymic: a Scottish clan chief.

laird v

  1. (transitive, Scotland) Chiefly as laird it over: to behave like a laird, particularly to act haughtily or to domineer; to lord (it over).

  Today is Saint Andrew’s Day, Scotland’s national day.

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