See also: surchargé
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surcharge (plural surcharges)
- An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
- Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
- An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
- (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
- (art) A painting in lighter enamel over a darker one that serves as the ground.
- (law) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
- (law) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
- (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
- Francis Bacon
- A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense.
- Francis Bacon
- (law, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.
addition of extra charge
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- To apply a surcharge.
- To overload; to overburden.
- to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
- 1675, John Dryden, Aureng-zebe:
- Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, / Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
- 1820, Charles Maturin, Melmoth the Wanderer, volume 1, page 150:
- The threat was soon fulfilled; the evening came on, prematurely darkened by clouds that seemed surcharged with a deluge.
- (law) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Blackstone to this entry?)
- To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Daniel to this entry?)
to apply a surcharge
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
surcharge f (plural surcharges)