surcharge

See also: surchargé

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French surcharge, from Old French. Surface etymology is sur- +‎ charge. Doublet of supercharge.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɜː(ɹ)t͡ʃɑː(ɹ)d͡ʒ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

surcharge (plural surcharges)

  1. An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
    Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
  2. The part of the price of a subsidized good or service that is not covered by the subsidy and so must be paid by the consumer.
  3. An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
  4. (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
  5. (art) A painting in lighter enamel over a darker one that serves as the ground.
  6. (law) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party[1]
  7. (law) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
  8. (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
  9. (law, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

surcharge (third-person singular simple present surcharges, present participle surcharging, simple past and past participle surcharged)

  1. To apply a surcharge.
  2. To overload; to overburden.
    to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
  3. (law) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
  4. To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
    • 1599, Samuel Daniel, Musophilus
      The Idle multitude surcharge their laies

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1859, Alexander Mansfield, Law Dictionary

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

sur- +‎ charge

NounEdit

surcharge f (plural surcharges)

  1. overloading
  2. (object-oriented programming) overloading

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

surcharge

  1. inflection of surcharger:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit