From Middle English sirup, from Old French sirop, from Medieval Latin siruppus, syrupus, from Arabic شَرَاب (šarāb, “a drink, beverage, wine, coffee, syrup”), from شَرِبَ (šariba, “to drink”). Related to sorbet, sherbet. Compare French sirop, Italian siroppo, sciroppo, Spanish jarabe, jarope, Portuguese xarope, and Dutch siroop and stroop.
The first known use of the spelling sirup was in the 14th century.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɪ.ɹəp/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsɪ.ɹəp/, /ˈsi.ɹəp/, /ˈsɝ.əp/, /ˈsɝ.ʌp/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: sy‧rup
- Rhymes: -ʌp
- Any thick liquid that has a high sugar content and which is added to or poured over food as a flavouring.
- maple syrup
- pancake syrup
- peaches in syrup
- 1819, John Keats, “The Eve of St. Agnes”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: Printed [by Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, […], published 1820, OCLC 927360557, stanza XXX, page 98:
- With jellies soother than the creamy curd, / And lucent syrops, tinct with cinnamon; [...]
- (by extension) Any viscous liquid.
- cough syrup
- rose syrup (rosewater)
- (Cockney rhyming slang, shortened from "syrup of figs") A wig.