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See also: Wend




From Middle English wenden, from Old English wendan (to turn, direct, wend one’s way, go, return, change, alter, vary, restore, happen, convert, translate), from Proto-Germanic *wandijaną (to turn), causative of Proto-Germanic *windaną (to wind), from Proto-Indo-European *wendʰ- (to turn, wind, braid). Cognate with Dutch wenden (to turn), German wenden (to turn, reverse), Danish vende (to turn), Norwegian Bokmål vende (to turn), Norwegian Nynorsk venda (to turn), Swedish vända (to turn, turn over, veer, direct), Icelandic venda (to wend, turn, change), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wandjan, to cause to turn). Related to wind (Etymology 2).



wend (third-person singular simple present wends, present participle wending, simple past and past participle wended or (archaic) went)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To turn; change.
  2. (transitive) To direct (one's way or course); pursue one's way; proceed upon some course or way.
    We wended our weary way westward.
    • Surrey
      Great voyages to wend.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To turn; make a turn; go round; veer.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Raleigh to this entry?)
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To pass away; disappear; depart; vanish.

Usage notesEdit

The modern past tense of wend is wended. Originally it was went, similarly to pairs such as send/sent, spend/spent, lend/lent, rend/rent, or blend/blent. However, went was co-opted as the past tense of go (replacing Early Modern English yede, Middle English yeed, Old English eode) and using it as the past tense of wend is now considered archaic.


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



wend (plural wends)

  1. (obsolete, Britain, law) A large extent of ground; a perambulation; a circuit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)


Alemannic GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Old High German wint, from Proto-Germanic *windaz. Cognate with German Wind, Dutch wind, English wind, Icelandic vindur, Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds).


wend m

  1. (Rimella, Campello Monti) wind


  • “wend” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien



  • IPA(key): [ʋɛnt]
  • (file)



  1. first-person singular present indicative of wenden
  2. imperative of wenden