From Middle English circuit, from Old French circuit, from Latin circuitus (“a going round”), from circuire (“go round”), from circum (“around”) + ire. As a Chinese administrative division, a calque of Chinese 道 (dào) or 路 (lù).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): [ˈsɜː.kɪt]
- (General American) IPA(key): [ˈsɝ.kɪt]
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(r)kɪt
circuit (plural circuits)
- The act of moving or revolving around, or as in a circle or orbit; a revolution; as, the periodical circuit of the earth around the sun.
- The circumference of, or distance around, any space; the measure of a line around an area.
- That which encircles anything, as a ring or crown.
1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part II, Act III, Scene I, line 351:
- And this fell tempest shall not cease to rage Until the golden circuit on my head, Like to the glorious sun's transparent beams, Do calm the fury of this mad-bred flaw.
- The space enclosed within a circle, or within limits.
1592, William Shakespeare, Venus and Adonis, Stanza 39, line 229:
- "Fondling," she saith, "since I have hemm'd thee here Within the circuit of this ivory pale, I'll be a park, and thou shalt be my deer: Feed where thou wilt, on mountain, or in dale; Graze on my lips; and if those hills be dry, Stray lower, where the pleasant fountains lie.
1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
- A circuit wide enclosed with goodliest trees.
- (electricity) Enclosed path of an electric current, usually designed for a certain function.
- A regular or appointed journeying from place to place in the exercise of one's calling, as of a judge or a preacher.
- (law) The jurisdiction of certain judges within a state or country, whether itinerant or not.
- (historical) Various administrative divisions of imperial and early Republican China, including:
- (law) Abbreviation of circuit court.
- (Methodist Church) A district in which an itinerant preacher labors.
- By analogy to the proceeding three, a set of theaters among which the same acts circulate; especially common in the heyday of vaudeville.
- (obsolete) circumlocution
- Thou hast used no circuit of words.
- (Scientology) A thought that unconsciously goes round and round in a person's mind and controls that person.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To move in a circle; to go round; to circulate.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of J. Philips to this entry?)
- (obsolete) To travel around.
- Having circuited the air.
- (sports) racetrack
- (physics) electric circuit
- (figuratively) exclusive group of individuals, clique, circle
- (race track) racebaan
- (electricity) elektrisch circuit, elektrisch netwerk
- (group of people) kliek, kring
circuit m (plural circuits)
- “circuit” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
circuit n (plural circuite)