Last modified on 17 April 2015, at 06:07

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +15, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人一月水 (OMBE), four-corner 21247, composition)

  1. superior, excellent
  2. actor

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 120, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1261
  • Dae Jaweon: page 254, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 233, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+512A

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (優), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨu/ /ʔi̯ə̯u/ /ʔiu/ /ʔiu/ /ʔuw/ /ĭəu/ /ʔiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yōu ‹ ʔjuw › /*ʔ(r)u/ entertainer; liberal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15494 1 /*qu/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a person with lithe movements
  2. kind (adj.)
  3. surpass
  4. rich; wealthy
  5. a sufficient amount for a certain thing
  6. the best possible grade on school results
  7. tenderness, gentleness
  8. excel
  9. actor
  10. superiority

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 334
  • Halpern: 177
  • Halpern Learners: 130
  • Heisig: 993
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2a15.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

AdverbEdit

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. enough, amply
  2. easily, skillfully

NounEdit

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A (letter grade); excellence
  2. gentleness

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A female given name

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ưu)

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