Last modified on 16 December 2014, at 22:10

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
可-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

可 可 可 可
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事) – possibly Simplified from , eliminating 大 and using 可 for sound — compare from .

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin), 字源. URL accessed on 2014-02-24.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一弓口 (MNR), four-corner 10620, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 172, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 567, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+53EF

ChineseEdit

 
can; may; able to; certain(ly); to suit; (particle used for emphasis)
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (可), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 枯我切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰaX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khaX › /*[k]ʰˤa[j]ʔ/ may; acceptable

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7446 1 /*kʰaːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. can, may, able to
  2. (particle used for emphasis)
  3. to approve, to permit
  4. to suit
  5. to be worth doing

Usage notesEdit

  • In compounds, it allow to turn names and verbs into adjectives:
可吃 ("edible"), 可愛可爱 ("lovely"), 可怜 ("pitiful")

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. passable

See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. permitted, allowed, licensed

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ga, geuk) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, kŭk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khả, khá, tài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.