Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 03:23

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
利-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (knife) – to reap grain () with a knife ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中弓 (HDLN), four-corner 22900, composition)

  1. gains, advantage, profit, merit

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 138, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1932
  • Dae Jaweon: page 313, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 329, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5229

ChineseEdit

 
advantage; benefit; profit; sharp
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (利), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力至切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪH/ /liH/ /liH/ /liH/ /liH/ /liH/ /ljɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lijH › /*C.ri[t]-s/ sharp; profit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7898 1 /*rids/

NounEdit

  1. advantage, benefit
  2. interest

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. to benefit

CompoundsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. sharp

CompoundsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. profit; benefit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lợi, lời, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.