Last modified on 3 July 2014, at 21:03

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓木 (HND), X竹弓木 (XHND), four-corner 22904)

  1. pear
  2. opera
  3. cut, slash

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 530, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14873
  • Dae Jaweon: page 918, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1215, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+68A8

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping lei4, Yale lei4)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pear

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
: the tree and the fruit
Kanji in this term
なし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Derivation unclear, with numerous theories. Two of the more common are given below.

  • May be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ 白い (shiro, white) in reference to the pale flesh of the fruit.
/na ɕiro/ > /naɕi/
  • Alternately, may be originally a compound of (na, hypothesized root of modern naka, middle, center) +‎ (su, sour, acidic) in reference to the way the flavor of the fruit becomes more astringent closer to the core.
/na su/ > /naɕi/

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana なし, katakana ナシ, romaji nashi)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms used in biology, this word is often seen spelled in katakana, as ナシ.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*li). Compare modern Chinese ().

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. a pear tree
  2. a pear (the fruit)
  3. more specifically, the Japanese pear or Asian pear, Pyrus pyrifolia
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
りん
Grade: S
kan'yōon

Alteration of ri reading.

/ri//rin/

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana りん, romaji rin)

  1. pear
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

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MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (li2), (si4), Wade-Giles li2, ssu4)

  1. pear

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. pear

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, lệ)

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