Last modified on 20 November 2014, at 20:27
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十手十口 (JQJR), 十手一口 (JQMR), four-corner 30601, composition)

  1. injure, harm
  2. destroy, kill

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 286, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 565, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 929, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5BB3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (害), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 泰
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑiH/ /ɣɑiH/ /ɣɑiH/ /ɦɑiH/ /ɦajH/ /ɣɑiH/ /ɣɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hài ‹ hajH › /*N-kˤat-s/ be hurt (v.i.); injury (n.)
hài ‹ hajH › /*m-kˤat-s/ hurt (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4845 1 /*ɡaːds/ 金文非丯聲,似𥎆初文加古聲,㝬通胡

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. harm
  2. injury

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae, hal) (hangeul , , revised hae, hal, McCune-Reischauer hae, hal)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hại)

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