Character  이 
Hangul Syllables U+C774
Composition +
Dubeolsik keyboard entry d-l




  1. The locative particle: in; at


Etymology 1Edit

의 ←

자 →


(transliterations: RR i, RRT , McCune–Reischauer i, Yale i)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2Edit

(i, “teeth”).

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as  (Yale: ni).



  1. A tooth or teeth.
    • 이 없으면 잇몸으로 산다. — literally "without teeth, live with the gum."
Alternative formsEdit
  • (ni) (archaic, now suffixal)
  • 이빨 (ippal) (as of beasts)
  • 치아 (chia)
Derived termsEdit
  • 덧니 (deonni, “snaggletooth/teeth”)
  • 송곳니 (songgonni, “canine tooth/teeth”)
  • 아랫니 (araenni, “lower tooth/teeth”)
  • 앞니 (amni, “incisor(s)”)
  • 윗니 (winni, “upper tooth/teeth”)
  • 어금니 (eogeumni, “molar(s)”)

Etymology 3Edit

(i, “louse”).

First attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as  (Yale: ni).



  1. louse
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum eonhae (訓民正音諺解本 / 훈민정음언해본), 1447, as  (Yale: i).



  1. this
    • 그림을 본 적이 있다. (i geurimeul bon jeogi itda.) I have seen this picture.



  1. this (thing)

See alsoEdit

Korean demonstratives (edit)
Determiner 어느
Pronoun Human 이이 그이 저이
이분 그분 저분
이자 그자 저자
이놈 그놈 저놈
이년 그년 저년
Object () ()
이것 그것 저것 어느 것
이거 그거 저거 어느 거
Place 여기 거기 저기 어디
이곳 그곳 저곳
Direction 이쪽 그쪽 저쪽 어느 쪽
Verb 이러다 그러다 저러다 어쩌다
Adjective 이렇다 그렇다 저렇다 어떻다
이러하다 그러하다 저러하다 어떠하다
Adverb 이리 그리 저리 어찌
이렇게 그렇게 저렇게 어떻게

Etymology 5Edit

Of native Korean origin. Possibly cognate with Old Japanese (i, emphatic nominative particle).



  1. Particle marking a grammatical subject ending with a consonant.
  • (ga) (marks a grammatical subject ending with a vowel)
See alsoEdit
  • (eun) (marks a topic word or phrase ending with a consonant)
  • (neun) (marks a topic word or phrase ending with a vowel)
  • (eul) (marks a direct object ending with a consonant)
  • (reul) (marks a direct object ending with a vowel)
  • (i); emphatic nominative marker in Old Japanese

Etymology 6Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (ri) (North Korean) (for many but not all characters)



  1. (philosophy) (cosmic) reason


(i) (hanja , )

  1. (cardinal) two
Usage notesEdit
  • Used primarily with Sino-Korean count words, or in reading numbers literally.

Proper nounEdit

(I) (hanja )

Hanja in this word
  1. The second most common Korean surname, South Korean spelling.
Usage notesEdit
  • Most commonly romanized as Lee. Other romanizations include Li, Yi, Ri, and Rhee. It is written as (Ri) in North Korea.



  1. : plum tree
    (eumhun reading: 오얏나무 이 (oyannamu i))
  2. : two
    (eumhun reading: 두 이 (du i))
  3. : ruling
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 이 (daseuril i))
  4. : village
    (eumhun reading: 마을 이 (ma-eul i))
  5. : beneficial
    (eumhun reading: 이로울 이 (iroul i))
  6. : 써
  7. : other
    (eumhun reading: 다를 이 (dareul i))
  8. : moving
    (eumhun reading: 옮길 이 (omgil i))
  9. : that
    (eumhun reading: 저 이 (jeo i))
  10. : leaving
    (eumhun reading: 떠날 이 (tteonal i))
  11. : ear
    (eumhun reading: 귀 이 (gwi i))
  12. : pear tree
    (eumhun reading: 배나무 이 (baenamu i))
  13. : petty official
    (eumhun reading: 아전 이 (ajeon i))
  14. : continuing speech
    (eumhun reading: 말이을 이 (marieul i))
  15. : easy
    (eumhun reading: 쉬울 이 (swiul i))
  16. : already
    (eumhun reading: 이미 이 (imi i))
  17. : barbarian
    (eumhun reading: 오랑캐 이 (orangkae i))
  18. : two
    (eumhun reading: 두 이 (du i))
  19. :
  20. :
  21. :
  22. :
  23. :
  24. :
  25. :
  26. :
  27. :
  28. :
  29. :
  30. :
  31. :
  32. :
  33. :
  34. :
  35. :
  36. :
  37. :

(two): (dul) (native Korean)

Coordinate termsEdit

(reason): (gi, )

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 13:31