Last modified on 14 January 2015, at 20:38

Character  이 
Unicode name HANGUL SYLLABLE I
Unicode block Hangul Syllables
Codepoint U+C774
Composition +
Dubeolsik keyboard entry d-l

Cia-CiaEdit

PrepositionEdit

(i)

  1. the locative particle: in; at

KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit




의 ←

자 →

SyllableEdit

(transliterations: RR i, RRT , McCune–Reischauer i, Yale i)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2Edit

(i, “teeth”).

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as  (Yale: ni).

NounEdit

(i)

  1. A tooth or teeth.
    • 이 없으면 잇몸으로 산다. — literally "without teeth, I would live with the gum."
Alternative formsEdit
  • (ni) (archaic, now suffixal)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • 덧니 (deonni, “snaggletooth/teeth”)
  • 송곳니 (songgonni, “canine tooth/teeth”)
  • 아랫니 (araenni, “lower tooth/teeth”)
  • 앞니 (amni, “incisor(s)”)
  • 윗니 (winni, “upper tooth/teeth”)
  • 어금니 (eogeumni, “molar(s)”)

Etymology 3Edit

(i, “louse”).

First attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as  (Yale: ni).

NounEdit

(i)

  1. louse
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum eonhae (訓民正音諺解本 / 훈민정음언해본), 1447, as  (Yale: i).

DeterminerEdit

(i)

  1. this
    • 그림을 본 적이 있다. (i geurimeul bon jeogi itda.) I have seen this picture.

PronounEdit

(i)

  1. this (thing)
  2. this person

See alsoEdit

Korean demonstratives (edit)
Determiner 어느
Pronoun Human 이이 그이 저이
이분 그분 저분
이자 그자 저자
이놈 그놈 저놈
이년 그년 저년
Object () ()
이것 그것 저것 어느 것
이거 그거 저거 어느 거
Place 여기 거기 저기 어디
이곳 그곳 저곳
Direction 이쪽 그쪽 저쪽 어느 쪽
Verb 이러다 그러다 저러다 어쩌다
Adjective 이렇다 그렇다 저렇다 어떻다
이러하다 그러하다 저러하다 어떠하다
Adverb 이리 그리 저리 어찌
이렇게 그렇게 저렇게 어떻게

Etymology 5Edit

Of native Korean origin. Possibly cognate with Old Japanese (i, emphatic nominative particle).

ParticleEdit

(i)

  1. A particle marking a grammatical subject ending with a consonant.
  2. A particle marking a grammatical complement ending with a consonant, before 되다 (doeda, “to become”) and 아니다 (anida, “(to be) not”).
    An adverbial particle 으로/ (euro/ro) can replace the complement marker / (i/ga) when the verb is 되다 (doeda, “to become”).

(i)

  1. A semantic particle which adheres to and puts emphasis on a noun or an adverb.
SynonymsEdit
  • (ga) (marks a grammatical subject ending with a vowel)
See alsoEdit
  • (eun) (marks a topic word or phrase ending with a consonant)
  • (neun) (marks a topic word or phrase ending with a vowel)
  • (eul) (marks a direct object ending with a consonant)
  • (reul) (marks a direct object ending with a vowel)
  • (i); emphatic nominative marker in Old Japanese

Etymology 6Edit

Of native Korean origin.

Derivational suffixEdit

(i)

  1. a suffix deriving a passive verb.

(i)

  1. a suffix deriving a causative verb.
SynonymsEdit
  • - (hi)/ (ri)/ (gi)- : suffixes deriving passive verbs.
  • - (hi)/ (ri)/ (gi)/ (u)/ (gu)/ (chu)- : suffixes deriving causative verbs.

Etymology 7Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as  (Yale: i).

NounEdit

(i)

  1. (dependent) a person.

Etymology 8Edit

Of native Korean origin.

Derivational suffixEdit

(i)

  1. (after a stem of a verb or an adjective) a suffix deriving a noun.
    • 길다 (gilda, “long”) + (i) → 길이 (giri, “length”)
    • 먹다 (meokda, “to eat”) + (i) → 먹이 (meogi, “feed”)
  2. (in the form of a noun + a stem of a verb + suffix 이) a suffix deriving a noun, adding a meaning of a person, an item, or an event. -er.
    • (ot, “clothing”) + 걸다 (geolda, “to hang”) + (i) → 옷걸이 (otgeori, “a hanger”)
    • 가슴 (gaseum, “chest, heart”) + 앓다 (alta, “to suffer”) + (i) → 가슴앓이 (gaseumari, “heartburn”)
  3. a suffix deriving a noun, adding a meaning of a person or an item. -er.

Etymology 9Edit

Of native Korean origin.

Derivational suffixEdit

(i)

  1. (after a stem of an adjective) a suffix deriving an adverb. -ly.
    • 다르다 (dareuda, “different”) + (i) → 달리 (dalli, “unlike; differently”)
    • 슬프다 (seulpeuda, “sad”) + (i) → 슬피 (seulpi, “sadly”)
  2. (after repeating a single-syllable noun) a suffix deriving an adverb.
    • (dal, “a month”) ×2 + (i) → 다달이 (dadari, “month by month”)
    • (, gan, “interval”) ×2 + (i) → 간간이 (gan-gani, “at times”)

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -i is used for adjectives not ending in -hada, and the suffix -hi is implemented for that case. For example, 많다 (many) turns into 많이 (mani, “a lot”) whereas 깔끔하다 (kkalkkeumhada, “neat”) becomes 깔끔히 (kkalkkeumhi, “neatly”). However, if -hada is suffixed after consonants k and s, -i is sometimes used rather than -hi, as in 깊숙이 (gipsugi, “deeply”) from 깊숙하다 (gipsukhada, “deep”) and 깨끗이 (kkaekkeusi, “cleanly”) from 깨끗하다 (kkaekkeuthada, “clean”), while many adjectives like 솔직하다 (soljikhada, “frank”) still take -hi. Whether to use -i or -hi depends on its pronunciation, which is very confusing even to natives.[1]

The conjugation for this suffix is similar to the infinite form, but not the same. Especially, the p-irregular adjectives (ㅂ 불규칙 용언) take 이 (i) not 위 (wi); for instance, 가깝다 (gakkapda, “near”) → 가까이 (gakkai, “nearly”).

Also, note that only a limited number of adverbs are frequently used which are formed by affixing -i or -hi.

See alsoEdit

  1. ^ http://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nknews/200404/69_3.html

Etymology 10Edit

Of native Korean origin.

Inflectional suffixEdit

(i)

  1. (after the stem of the sequential form of an adjective) one of the familiar style declarative endings.

Etymology 11Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (ri) (North Korean) (for many but not all characters)

NounEdit

(i)

  1. (philosophy) (cosmic) reason

NumeralEdit

(i) (hanja , )

  1. (cardinal) two
Usage notesEdit
  • Used primarily with Sino-Korean count words, or in reading numbers literally.

Proper nounEdit

(I) (hanja )

Hanja in this word
  1. The second most common Korean surname, South Korean spelling.
Usage notesEdit

SyllableEdit

(i)

  1. : plum tree
    (eumhun reading: 오얏나무 이 (oyannamu i))
  2. : two
    (eumhun reading: 두 이 (du i))
  3. : ruling
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 이 (daseuril i))
  4. : village
    (eumhun reading: 마을 이 (ma-eul i))
  5. : beneficial
    (eumhun reading: 이로울 이 (iroul i))
  6. : 써
  7. : other
    (eumhun reading: 다를 이 (dareul i))
  8. : moving
    (eumhun reading: 옮길 이 (omgil i))
  9. : that
    (eumhun reading: 저 이 (jeo i))
  10. : leaving
    (eumhun reading: 떠날 이 (tteonal i))
  11. : ear
    (eumhun reading: 귀 이 (gwi i))
  12. : pear tree
    (eumhun reading: 배나무 이 (baenamu i))
  13. : petty official
    (eumhun reading: 아전 이 (ajeon i))
  14. : continuing speech
    (eumhun reading: 말이을 이 (marieul i))
  15. : easy
    (eumhun reading: 쉬울 이 (swiul i))
  16. : already
    (eumhun reading: 이미 이 (imi i))
  17. : barbarian
    (eumhun reading: 오랑캐 이 (orangkae i))
  18. : two
    (eumhun reading: 두 이 (du i))
  19. :
  20. :
  21. :
  22. :
  23. :
  24. :
  25. :
  26. :
  27. :
  28. :
  29. :
  30. :
  31. :
  32. :
  33. :
  34. :
  35. :
  36. :
  37. :
SynonymsEdit

(two): (dul) (native Korean)

Coordinate termsEdit

(reason): (, gi)