TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
雨-bw.png
Stroke order
雨-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

雨 雨 雨 雨
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227)

  1. rain
  2. rainy
  3. KangXi radical 173

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale yu5)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ , Guangdong ji3; j3 [Meixian], zi3 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim yi3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

さめ (same) occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ (ame)) in terms such as 小雨 (kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 (harusame, spring rain).

CompoundsEdit

  • 雨傘 (amagasa): umbrella
  • 雨域 (uiki): rainy area
  • 雨雲 (amagumo): rain cloud
  • 雨蛙 (amagaeru): tree frog
  • 雨笠 (amagasa): rain hat
  • 雨間 (amaai): break in the rain
  • 雨期, 雨季 (uki): rainy season
  • 雨気 (amake, uki): signs of rain
  • 雨脚, 雨足 (amaashi, ameashi): passing shower
  • 雨具 (amagu): rain gear
  • 雨空 (amazora): threatening sky
  • 雨靴 (amagutsu): overshoes
  • 雨戸 (amado): sliding storm door
  • 雨後 (ugo): after rain
  • 雨水 (amamizu): rain water
  • 雨声 (usei): sound of rain
  • 雨着 (amagi): raincoat
  • 雨中 (uchū): in the rain
  • 雨注 (uchū): showering upon
  • 雨滴 (uteki): rain drops
  • 雨天 (uten): rainy weather
  • 雨曇 (amagumori): overcast weather
  • 雨樋 (amadoi): drainspout
  • 雨氷 (uhyō): freezing rain
  • 雨風 (amakaze, amekaze): rain and wind
  • 雨粒 (amatsubu, ametsubu): raindrop
  • 雨量 (uryō): rainfall
  • 雨林 (urin): rain forest
  • 雨露 (uro, ametsuyu): rain and dew
  • 雨霰 (amearare): rain and hail
  • 雨垂れ (amadare): raindrops
  • 雨降り (amefuri): in the rain
  • 雨乞い (amagoi): praying for rain
  • 雨止み (amayami): break in the rain
  • 雨宿り (amadayori): taking shelter from rain
  • 雨避け, 雨除け (amayoke): shelter from rain
  • 雨上り (ameagari): after the rain
  • 雨続き (ametsuzuki): raining for days on end
  • 雨曝し (amazarashi): weatherbeaten
  • 雨落ち (amaochi, ameochi): raindrops fall from eaves
  • 雨漏り (amamori): roof leak
  • 雨合羽 (amagappa): raincoat
  • 雨支度, 雨仕度 (amajitaku): preparation for rain
  • 降雨 (kōu): rainfall
  • 豪雨 (gōu): heavy rain
  • 梅雨 (baiu, tsuyu): rainy season
  • 風雨 (fūu): wind and rain
  • 大雨 (ōame): heavy rain
  • 俄雨 (niwakaame): shower
  • 春雨 (harusame): spring rain
  • 小雨 (kosame): drizzle
  • 時雨 (shigure): late fall rain
  • 五月雨 (samidare): early summer rain

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with same (rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same/ → /ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あめ, romaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 24)
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with ame (rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word ame (rain) only maintained in fossilized compounds. See Derived terms.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さめ, romaji same)

  1. rain
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  • Compounds:
    • 雨傘 (우산, usan)
    • 雨雹 (우박, ubak)

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin
Zhuyin ㄩˇ
IPA (key) /y²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/
Audio
(file)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. rain
    。 (trad.)
    。 (simp.)
    Raining cats and dogs.

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (yu3), Wade-Giles 3)


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*hiǒ)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA ú (u2), hōo (hoo7))

ReferencesEdit


MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

  • Template:mvi-readings

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

MulamEdit

HanziEdit

(kwən1)

  1. rain

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, thủy)


YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

  • Template:yoi-readings

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

  • Template:yox-readings

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

CompoundsEdit


Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:56