Last modified on 5 May 2015, at 17:25

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女女火 (VVF), four-corner 22809, composition)

  1. calamity, disaster, catastrophe

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 666, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18879
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2190, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+707D

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping zoi1, Yale joi1)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
さい
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsoj, calamity).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さい, romaji sai)

  1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
Usage notesEdit

Seldom used on its own. Most often used in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
わざわい
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

/wazapapi//wazaɸaɸi//wazawahi//wazawai/

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (waza, deed, doings), in reference to the doings of the (kami, gods, spirits) + 這い (hai, spreading widely, literally crawling).[1] Compare the etymology of (sakiwai, “good fortune”). Compare also the connotations of the English term act of God in reference to disasters.

Often spelled 災い with the trailing okurigana to make the reading more explicit.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana わざわい, romaji wazawai, historical hiragana わざはい)

  1. an act of God, a disaster, a calamity
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin zāi (zai1), Wade-Giles tsai1)

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Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

災 (tzəi)

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Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA tsai (tsai1), tse (tse1))

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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tai)

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