Last modified on 7 June 2014, at 11:56

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (say) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +15, 22 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土田金 (YRGWC), four-corner 04686, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1185, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36088
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1649, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4029, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8B80

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (讀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 徒谷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duk̚/ /dʱuk̚/ /duk̚/ /duk̚/ /dəwk̚/ /duk̚/ /duk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ duwk › /*C.lˤok/ read (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16039 0 /*l'oːɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to read (silently)
  2. to study
  3. to pronounce (a character)

SynonymsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. pause in reading

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. : to read

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Very rarely used. Superseded by the shinjitai form.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dok, du) (hangeul , , revised dok, du, McCune-Reischauer tok, tu, Yale tok, twu)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(độc, đọc, đậu, đặt)

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