Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 02:43
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
谷-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

谷 谷 谷 谷
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (water) +  (mouth)

Water comes from a valley.

Han characterEdit

(radical 150 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金人口 (COR), four-corner 80608)

  1. valley, gorge, ravine
  2. grain (after is simplified to this character)
  3. a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1189, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1652, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3902, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C37

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (谷), Pronunciation (1/4)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古禄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kəwk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation (2/4)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧谷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /ləwk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation (3/4)

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 余蜀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨok̚/ /i̯wok̚/ /iok̚/ /jiok̚/ /juawk̚/ /jĭwok̚/ /iok̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation (4/4)

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 其虐切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐk̚/ /gi̯ak̚/ /ɡiak̚/ /ɡiɐk̚/ /gɨak̚/ /ɡĭak̚/ /ɡiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuwk › /*C.qˁok/ valley
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4298 0 /*ɦkroːɡ/ 見史記
4299 0 /*kloːɡ/
4310 0 /*ɡ·loːɡ/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. valley

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たに, romaji tani)

  1. valley

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たに, romaji Tani)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gok, yok) (hangeul , , revised gok, yok, McCune-Reischauer kok, yok, Yale kok, yok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cốc, góc, hốc, tân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.