Last modified on 5 May 2015, at 15:01

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (small) +  (bird) – a small bird, a sparrow.

Han characterEdit

(radical 172 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

  1. sparrow

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

ChineseEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (雀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 即略切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɨɐk̚/ /t͡si̯ak̚/ /t͡siak̚/ /t͡siɐk̚/ /t͡sɨak̚/ /t͡sĭak̚/ /t͡siɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
què ‹ tsjak › /*[ts]ewk/ sparrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10745 2 /*ʔsewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sparrow
  2. (Cantonese) bird
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. sparrow

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
すずめ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana すずめ, katakana スズメ, romaji suzume)

  1. sparrow

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tước)

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