Last modified on 7 November 2014, at 22:18
See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹日卜火 (HAYF), four-corner 27327)

  1. bird
  2. KangXi radical 196

SynonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1480, character 52
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46634
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2012, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9CE5

ChineseEdit

Stroke order
鳥-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Harpyhaliaetus coronatus.jpg

Pictogram (象形): a bird with a dangling tail.

Compare , which is very similar, of similar origin, and , which originated from a similar image of a bird, but is today rather more abstract and less recognizable.

Compare also ("horse"), whose current form is similar (graphically, for claws/legs).

Originally pronounced with a 't-' initial (compare ("island")), but in many dialects changed to a “n-” initial to avoid homophony with ("penis").

鳥 鳥
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鳥), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 都了切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teuX/ /tieuX/ /teuX/ /teuX/ /tɛwX/ /tieuX/ /teuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
niǎo ‹ tewX › /*tˤiwʔ/ bird

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9511 2 /*tɯːwʔ/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. bird
CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (鳥):


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. a flying animal; a bird

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điểu, đeo, đéo, đẽo)

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