See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鳥-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Harpyhaliaetus coronatus.jpg

Pictogram (象形): a bird with a dangling tail.

Compare (crow), which is very similar, of similar origin, and , which originated from a similar image of a bird, but is today rather more abstract and less recognizable.

Compare also (horse), whose current form is similar (graphically, for claws/legs).

Originally pronounced “tiau” but in Mandarin changed to “niǎo” to avoid confusion with (penis).

鳥 鳥
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 196 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹日卜火 (HAYF), four-corner 27327)

  1. bird
  2. KangXi radical 196

SynonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1480, character 52
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46634
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2012, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9CE5

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Yale niu5)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ nyau2, níau, -nyau2, -niau, Guangdong niau3, niau1 [Meixian], tiau1, ngiau1, niau3, ngiau3, niau1 [Hailu, Siyan], tiau1, ngiau1 [Bao'an, Dongguan], tiau1, niau3, ngiau3 [Kwangtung], Hagfa Pinyim ngiau3, diau1, diog5, jiau2)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. a flying animal; a bird

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin niǎo (niao3), Wade-Giles niao3)

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin niǎo
Zhuyin ㄋㄧㄠˇ
IPA (key) /ni̯ɑʊ̯²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/

NounEdit

(traditional, Pinyin niǎo, measure word , simplified )

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) bird

CompoundsEdit

  • 鳥槍
  • 鳥盡弓藏

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*tiewX, niewX)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ chiáu (chiau2), niáu (niau2), TLPA tsiáu (tsiau2), niáu (niau2))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điểu, đeo, đéo, đẽo)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:59