See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (bird)

Han characterEdit

(radical 172 +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 心山人土 (PUOG), four-corner 20414)

  1. chick, fledging
  2. infant, toddler

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1368, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42121
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1874, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4105, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+96DB

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Yale cho1, cho4)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(hina): Emperor and Empress hina dolls, in front of gold screens. The optional lampstands are also partially visible.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひな, romaji hina)

  1. a type of small doll, typically standing upright in the Heian period, changing style to a seated posture in the Muromachi period
  2. short for 雛祭り (Hina matsuri)
  3. a chick, a young bird: see the reading hiyoko below

PrefixEdit

(hiragana ひな, romaji hina)

  1. diminutive prefix, carrying favorable connotations such as a sense of cuteness
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/hihina/, from /hiːna/. Possibly an alteration of reduplicated ひなひな (hinahina).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひいな, romaji hīna)

  1. (archaic) a doll
Usage notesEdit

This reading with the long ī is archaic. In modern Japanese, the shorter reading hina is more common for this sense.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

(hiyoko): A baby chicken (chick), Gallus gallus domesticus

Compound of ひよ (hiyo, onomatopoeia for the sound a chick makes) +‎ (ko, diminutive suffix)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひよこ, romaji hiyoko)

  1. a chick, a young bird
  2. a child; a youngling, a greenhorn
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Alteration of ひよこ (hiyoko). The geminate kk sound emphasizes the diminutiveness.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひよっこ, romaji hiyokko)

  1. a chick, a young bird
  2. a child; a youngling, a greenhorn

Etymology 5Edit

Sinitic. Date of borrowing unknown.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana すう, romaji )

  1. young, new, a greenhorn
Usage notesEdit

Only used in compounds.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin chú (chu2), Wade-Giles ch'u2)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sồ)

Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 10:42