maize

See also: maizē

EnglishEdit

Zea mays (maize, corn)
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Wikispecies

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish maíz, from Taino maisí, mahis (variously spelled).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

maize (uncountable)

  1. Corn; a type of grain of the species Zea mays.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit

  • zamie

LatvianEdit

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 Maize on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Maize

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *maiž-, an ablaut variant of Proto-Baltic *miež- (whence Latvian mieži (barley)), from Proto-Indo-European *meyǵ-, probably from the stem *mē- (to cut; to mow) modified into *mey-, and with an added element (whence Proto-Baltic , whence Latvian z). Cognates include Old Prussian mayse ([maize], barley) (misspelled as wayse in the 16th-century source), Old Irish maiz- (to sow).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

maize f (5th declension)

  1. bread (foodstuff, baked from wheat, rye, sometimes corn)
    kviešu, rudzu maize — wheat, rye bread
    neraudzēta maize — unleavened bread
    maizes klaips, šķēle — loaf, slice of bread
    maizes garozabread crust
    maizes zupabread soup
    cept maizi — to bake bread
    maizes mīkla — bread dough
    maizes ceptuve — bakery (lit. bread baking place)
    maizes veikals — bakery (lit. bread shop)
    maizes krāsnsbread oven
    apziest maizi ar sviestu — spread butter on bread
    ēst maizi ar desu — to eat bread with sausage
    focaccia ir viena no populārākajām itāļu maizēm — focaccia is one of the most popular Italian breads
  2. bread dough
    mīcīt maizi — to knead bread
    maize rūgst — the bread (dough) is fermenting
  3. (poetic) cereals, cereal grains, especially rye, wheat
    priecīgākā diena, kad klētī sāk smaržot jaunā maize — joyful day, when the barn starts to smell like new bread (= wheat)
  4. (figuratively) food, nutrition
    viņš var ēst tēva maizi bez kādām rūpēm — he can eat his father's bread without any worries
  5. (figuratively) essential, necessary element
    metāls ir rūpniecības maize — metal is the bread of industry
  6. (figuratively) livelihood, means of supporting oneself; work
    J. Vītols bija atradis darbu un maizi Pēterpilī — J. Vītols had found work and bread in Pēterpils (St. Petersburg)
    ja kāds aiziet citā maizē: zinātnieka vai inženiera, vai mākslinieka maizē... — if someone goes into another bread (= profession): the scientific or engineering, or the artistic bread (= profession)...

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “maize” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.}
Last modified on 28 March 2014, at 23:59