vault

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

A vault scheme

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /vɒlt/, /vɔːlt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /vɑlt/, /vɔlt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔːlt, Rhymes: -ɒlt
  • Homophone: volt (in some accents)
  • The l was originally suppressed in pronunciation.

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French volte (modern voûte), from Vulgar Latin *volta < *volvita or *volŭta, a regularization of volūta (compare modern volute (spire)), the past participle of volvere (roll, turn).

NounEdit

vault (plural vaults)

  1. An arched structure of masonry, forming a ceiling or canopy.
    • Gray
      the long-drawn aisle and fretted vault
  2. A structure resembling a vault, especially (poetic) that formed by the sky.
    • Shakespeare
      that heaven's vault should crack
    • 1985, God said, ‘Let there be a vault through the middle of the waters to divide the waters in two.’ — Genesis 1:6 (New Jerusalem Bible)
  3. A secure, enclosed area, especially an underground room used for burial, or to store valuables, wine etc.
    The bank kept their money safe in a large vault.
    Family members had been buried in the vault for centuries.
    • Sandys
      the silent vaults of death
    • Jonathan Swift
      to banish rats that haunt our vault
Derived termsEdit
  • oblique vault
  • octopartite vault
  • panel vault
  • polygonal vault
  • quadripartite vault
  • quinquepartite vault
  • ribbed vault
  • segmental vault
  • septempartite vault
  • sexpartite vault
  • star vault
  • stilted vault
  • tripartite vault
  • Welsh vault
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

vault (third-person singular simple present vaults, present participle vaulting, simple past and past participle vaulted)

  1. (transitive) To build as, or cover with a vault.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The shady arch that vaulted the broad green alley.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French volter (to turn or spin around; to frolic), borrowed from Italian voltare, itself from a Vulgar Latin frequentative form of Latin volvere; later assimilated to Etymology 1, above.

VerbEdit

vault (third-person singular simple present vaults, present participle vaulting, simple past and past participle vaulted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To jump or leap over.
    The fugitive vaulted over the fence to escape.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

vault (plural vaults)

  1. An act of vaulting; a leap or jump.
  2. (gymnastics) An event in gymanstics performed on a vaulting horse.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Last modified on 30 March 2014, at 17:23