Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *kaznos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (bright grey) (compare Welsh cannu (to whiten), ceinach (hare), English hare, Latin cascus (old), Ancient Greek ξανθός (xanthós, yellow), Old Prussian sasnis (hare), Pashtoخړ(xëṛ, grey), Sanskrit शश (śaśa, hare)).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

cānus (feminine cāna, neuter cānum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. white
  2. hoary
  3. (of water) frothy
  4. (of hair) gray
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.57-58:
      ‘Magna fuit quondam capitis reverentia cānī,
      inque suō pretiō rūga senīlis erat.’
      ‘‘At one time, there was great respect of a gray head,
      and the wrinkling of old age was with value in itself.’’

      (The voice is that of the muse Urania.)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cānus cāna cānum cānī cānae cāna
Genitive cānī cānae cānī cānōrum cānārum cānōrum
Dative cānō cānō cānīs
Accusative cānum cānam cānum cānōs cānās cāna
Ablative cānō cānā cānō cānīs
Vocative cāne cāna cānum cānī cānae cāna

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Asturian: canu
  • Italian: cano
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: cão, cãa
    • Portuguese:
  • Old Spanish: cano
    • Spanish: cano
    • Old Galician-Portuguese: cano

See also edit

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     albus, candidus, subalbus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus, blancus (ML.)      glaucus, rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cinerāceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      niger, āter, piceus, furvus
             ruber, rūbidus, rūfus, rubicundus, russus, rubrīcus, pūniceusmurrinus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, aurantius, aurantiacus; fuscus, suffuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx, castaneus, aquilus, fulvus, brunneus (ML.)              flāvus, sufflāvus, flāvidus, fulvus, lūteus, gilvus, helvus, croceus, pallidus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), caesius, blāvus (LL.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus

References edit

  • canus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • canus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • canus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • canus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette