χρυσός

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Semitic source, usually assumed to be Phoenician/Punic[1]; compare Phoenician 𐤇𐤓𐤑(ḥrṣ)[2], Hebrew ‏חֲרוּץ‎(ḥaruṣ)[3], Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17])[4], Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

χρῡσός (khrūsósm (genitive χρῡσοῦ); second declension

  1. gold (substance)
  2. (poetic) something dear or precious
  3. a gold coin

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Latin: chrȳsos

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusós, gold) (already Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so)), Semitic loan, compare with Biblical Hebrew חָרוּץ(ḥārūṣ), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).[5]

NounEdit

χρυσός (chrysósm (plural χρυσοί)

  1. (chemistry) gold (metal element)
  2. (synecdoche) money, currency, cash
  3. (figurative) wealth, riches
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Byzantine Greek χρυσός (khrusós), from Ancient Greek χρυσοῦς (khrusoûs), from Ancient Greek χρύσεος (khrúseos, goldon).[5]

AdjectiveEdit

χρυσός (chrysósm (feminine χρυσή, neuter χρυσό)

  1. golden, gold
  2. (figurative) handsome, lovely
  3. (figurative) good-hearted
  4. (figurative) dear, lovable
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek (2010), page 1652
  2. ^ Tomback, Richard - A Comparative Semitic Lexicon of the Phoenician and Punic Languages, page 151. For example, the word used on the Tabnit sarcophagus.
  3. ^ https://www.sefaria.org.il/Klein_Dictionary%2C_%D7%97%D6%B8%D7%A8%D7%95%D6%BC%D7%A5_%E1%B4%B5%E1%B4%B5%E1%B4%B5.1?lang=he
  4. ^ http://www.assyrianlanguages.org/akkadian/dosearch.php?searchkey=515&language=id
  5. 5.0 5.1 Babiniotis, Georgios (2008) Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας [Modern Greek Dictionary] (in Greek), 3rd edition, Athens: Lexicology Centre