Adyghe edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ал (al)

  1. expresses an order with a touch of threat
    Ал, зэ щыгъэтAl, zɛ śəğɛtAl!, shut up for a moment.
    Ал, зэ зэӏунAl, zɛ zɛʼwunAl!, shut up for a moment.

Bashkir edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ɑɫ]; izafa form: алды [ɑɫ.ˈdɯ̞]
  • Hyphenation: ал (one syllable)

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Turkic *āl (front).

Noun edit

ал (al)

  1. front, the front part
Declension edit

The declension below is given for a bare non-izafa form. Note, however, that this noun is just as often used in the izafa form.

Antonyms edit
  • арт (art, back, rear)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Turkic *āl (a shade of red).

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (al, bright red); Turkish al (crimson, dark red).

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. scarlet, bright red

See also edit

Colors in Bashkir · төҫ (töś) (layout · text)
     аҡ (aq)      һоро (horo)      ҡара (qara)
             ҡыҙыл (qıźıl)              көрән (körən)              һары (harı)
                          йәшел (yəşel)             
                          зәңгәр (zəñgər)              күк (kük)
                                       алһыу (alhıw)

Budukh edit

Etymology edit

From Azerbaijani al.

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. red

Erzya edit

 
Алт.

Etymology edit

Several hypotheses have been developed about the origin of the word:

1. A derivation from Proto-Mordvinic *alə (lower).

2. According to Keresztes, the word comes from Proto-Mordvinic *al, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *olɜ (in which case it would be a doublet of уло (ulo, chin)).[1][2]

3. According to Riho Grünthal, from Pre-Mordvinic *(v)ōli, borrowed from Proto-Baltic *(v)ōlā, whence Latvian uolà (rock; limestone; whetstone), uolis (flint), Lithuanian ōla (a small round stone; flint, rock; egg).[3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ал (al)

  1. egg

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Keresztes, László (1986) Geschichte der mordwinischen Konsonantismus II. Etymologisches Belegmaterial[1], Szeged: Studia Uralo-Altaica 26.
  2. ^ Entry #664 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  3. ^ Riho Grünthal. Baltic loanwords in Mordvin, p. 312-313

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic ال
Cyrillic ал
Latin al

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. tricky

Conjunction edit

ал (al)

  1. but

Interjection edit

ал (al)

  1. well

Khinalug edit

Etymology edit

From Azerbaijani al.

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. red

Kyrgyz edit

Pronoun edit

ал (al) (Arabic spelling ال)

  1. he/she/it (third-person singular personal pronoun)

See also edit

References edit

Kumyk edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

ал (al)

  1. front
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. red

Further reading edit

  • Бамматов Б.Г., editor (2013), “ал”, in Кумыкско-русский словарь [Kumyk–Russian dictionary], Makhachkala: ИЯЛИ ДНЦ РАН

Mongolian edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Proto-Turkic *āl (scarlet)

Adjective edit

ал (al) (Mongolian spelling ᠠᠯ (al))

  1. (in compounds) red

Derived terms edit

Russian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [aɫ]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. short masculine singular of а́лый (ályj)

Tatar edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Zamanälif al
Jaŋalif
Yaña imlâ

Adjective edit

ал (al)

  1. scarlet