BudukhEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Avar сон (son) and Lak шин (šin) and Udi усен (usen).

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. year

BulgarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanau, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dialectal Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine). Through another suffix is perhaps Bulgarian самчия (samčija, (old-time) governor).

NounEdit

сан (sanm

  1. (literary, obsolescent) rank, administrative position

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


BuryatEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Classical Mongolian ᠰᠠᠩ (sang, granary), from Mandarin (cāng, granary).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сан (san) (??? please provide spelling!)

  1. treasury; exchequer
  2. fund, stock, reserve

Alternative formsEdit


ChechenEdit

PronounEdit

сан (san)

  1. genitive singular of со (so)

DunganEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum, cognate to Standard Mandarin (sān).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

сан (san) (I)

  1. three

ErzyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *sëne.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. (anatomy) tendon, sinew
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      связка — 3. анат. сан
      svjazka — 3. anat. san
      tendon [in Russian] — tendon
  2. (dialectal, anatomy) penis
    • Heikki Paasonen, Mordwinisches Wörterbuch
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [мужской член] / Penis
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [mužskoj člen] / Penis
      penis — (dialect identifiers) [Russian, German translation]
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      [literal translation from Erzya] when a man is in his strength, firm his penis is — [German translation]

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • Саназей (Sanazej, a spirit/deity that rules over the penis)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ сан (san) in Álgu-tietokanta, Kotimaisten kielten keskus

KazakhEdit

Cyrillic сан (san)
Arabic سان
Latin

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. thigh

DeclensionEdit


KhakasEdit

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. counting, calculation

Komi-ZyrianEdit

 
Сан.

EtymologyEdit

Unknown.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsan/, [ˈsän]
  • Hyphenation: сан

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. wolverine (Gulo gulo)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of сан (stem: сан-)
singular plural
nominative сан (san) санъяс (sanʺjas)
accusative I* сан (san) санъяс (sanʺjas)
II* санӧс (sanös) санъясӧс (sanʺjasös)
instrumental санӧн (sanön) санъясӧн (sanʺjasön)
comitative санкӧд (sanköd) санъяскӧд (sanʺjasköd)
caritive сантӧг (santög) санъястӧг (sanʺjastög)
consecutive санла (sanla) санъясла (sanʺjasla)
genitive санлӧн (sanlön) санъяслӧн (sanʺjaslön)
ablative санлысь (sanlysʹ) санъяслысь (sanʺjaslysʹ)
dative санлы (sanly) санъяслы (sanʺjasly)
inessive санын (sanyn) санъясын (sanʺjasyn)
elative санысь (sanysʹ) санъясысь (sanʺjasysʹ)
illative санӧ (sanö) санъясӧ (sanʺjasö)
egressive сансянь (sansjanʹ) санъяссянь (sanʺjassjanʹ)
approximative санлань (sanlanʹ) санъяслань (sanʺjaslanʹ)
terminative санӧдз (sanödz) санъясӧдз (sanʺjasödz)
prolative I санӧд (sanöd) санъясӧд (sanʺjasöd)
II санті (santï) санъясті (sanʺjastï)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Possessive declension of сан
First person singular
singular plural
nominative санӧй (sanöj) санъясӧй (sanʺjasöj)
accusative I* санӧй (sanöj) санъясӧй (sanʺjasöj)
II* санӧс (sanös) санъясӧс (sanʺjasös)
instrumental саннам (sannam) санъяснам (sanʺjasnam)
comitative санӧйкӧд (sanöjköd) санъясӧйкӧд (sanʺjasöjköd)
caritive сантӧгым (santögym) санъястӧгым (sanʺjastögym)
consecutive санӧйла (sanöjla) санъясӧйла (sanʺjasöjla)
genitive санӧйлӧн (sanöjlön) санъясӧйлӧн (sanʺjasöjlön)
ablative санӧйлысь (sanöjlysʹ) санъясӧйлысь (sanʺjasöjlysʹ)
dative санӧйлы (sanöjly) санъясӧйлы (sanʺjasöjly)
inessive санам (sanam) санъясам (sanʺjasam)
elative сансьым (sansʹym) санъяссьым (sanʺjassʹym)
illative санам (sanam) санъясам (sanʺjasam)
egressive сансяньым (sansjanʹym) санъяссяньым (sanʺjassjanʹym)
approximative санланьым (sanlanʹym) санъясланьым (sanʺjaslanʹym)
terminative санӧдзым (sanödzym) санъясӧдзым (sanʺjasödzym)
prolative I санӧдым (sanödym) санъясӧдым (sanʺjasödym)
II сантіым (santïym) санъястіым (sanʺjastïym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person singular
singular plural
nominative саныд (sanyd) санъясыд (sanʺjasyd)
accusative I* саныд (sanyd) санъясыд (sanʺjasyd)
II* сантӧ (santö) санъястӧ (sanʺjastö)
instrumental саннад (sannad) санъяснад (sanʺjasnad)
comitative саныдкӧд (sanydköd) санъясыдкӧд (sanʺjasydköd)
caritive сантӧгыд (santögyd) санъястӧгыд (sanʺjastögyd)
consecutive саныдла (sanydla) санъясыдла (sanʺjasydla)
genitive саныдлӧн (sanydlön) санъясыдлӧн (sanʺjasydlön)
ablative саныдлысь (sanydlysʹ) санъясыдлысь (sanʺjasydlysʹ)
dative саныдлы (sanydly) санъясыдлы (sanʺjasydly)
inessive санад (sanad) санъясад (sanʺjasad)
elative сансьыд (sansʹyd) санъяссьыд (sanʺjassʹyd)
illative санад (sanad) санъясад (sanʺjasad)
egressive сансяньыд (sansjanʹyd) санъяссяньыд (sanʺjassjanʹyd)
approximative санланьыд (sanlanʹyd) санъясланьыд (sanʺjaslanʹyd)
terminative санӧдзыд (sanödzyd) санъясӧдзыд (sanʺjasödzyd)
prolative I санӧдыд (sanödyd) санъясӧдыд (sanʺjasödyd)
II сантіыд (santïyd) санъястіыд (sanʺjastïyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person singular
singular plural
nominative саныс (sanys) санъясыс (sanʺjasys)
accusative I* саныс (sanys) санъясыс (sanʺjasys)
II* сансӧ (sansö) санъяссӧ (sanʺjassö)
instrumental саннас (sannas) санъяснас (sanʺjasnas)
comitative саныскӧд (sanysköd) санъясыскӧд (sanʺjasysköd)
caritive сантӧгыс (santögys) санъястӧгыс (sanʺjastögys)
consecutive санысла (sanysla) санъясысла (sanʺjasysla)
genitive саныслӧн (sanyslön) санъясыслӧн (sanʺjasyslön)
ablative саныслысь (sanyslysʹ) санъясыслысь (sanʺjasyslysʹ)
dative саныслы (sanysly) санъясыслы (sanʺjasysly)
inessive санас (sanas) санъясас (sanʺjasas)
elative сансьыс (sansʹys) санъяссьыс (sanʺjassʹys)
illative санас (sanas) санъясас (sanʺjasas)
egressive сансяньыс (sansjanʹys) санъяссяньыс (sanʺjassjanʹys)
approximative санланьыс (sanlanʹys) санъясланьыс (sanʺjaslanʹys)
terminative санӧдзыс (sanödzys) санъясӧдзыс (sanʺjasödzys)
prolative I санӧдыс (sanödys) санъясӧдыс (sanʺjasödys)
II сантіыс (santïys) санъястіыс (sanʺjastïys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
First person plural
singular plural
nominative санным (sannym) санъясным (sanʺjasnym)
accusative I* санным (sannym) санъясным (sanʺjasnym)
II* саннымӧс (sannymös) санъяснымӧс (sanʺjasnymös)
instrumental саннаным (sannanym) санъяснаным (sanʺjasnanym)
comitative саннымкӧд (sannymköd) санъяснымкӧд (sanʺjasnymköd)
caritive сантӧгным (santögnym) санъястӧгным (sanʺjastögnym)
consecutive саннымла (sannymla) санъяснымла (sanʺjasnymla)
genitive саннымлӧн (sannymlön) санъяснымлӧн (sanʺjasnymlön)
ablative саннымлысь (sannymlysʹ) санъяснымлысь (sanʺjasnymlysʹ)
dative саннымлы (sannymly) санъяснымлы (sanʺjasnymly)
inessive сананым (sananym) санъясаным (sanʺjasanym)
elative сансьыным (sansʹynym) санъяссьыным (sanʺjassʹynym)
illative сананым (sananym) санъясаным (sanʺjasanym)
egressive сансяньыным (sansjanʹynym) санъяссяньыным (sanʺjassjanʹynym)
approximative санланьыным (sanlanʹynym) санъясланьыным (sanʺjaslanʹynym)
terminative санӧдзыным (sanödzynym) санъясӧдзыным (sanʺjasödzynym)
prolative I санӧдыным (sanödynym) санъясӧдыным (sanʺjasödynym)
II сантіыным (santïynym) санъястіыным (sanʺjastïynym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person plural
singular plural
nominative санныд (sannyd) санъясныд (sanʺjasnyd)
accusative I* санныд (sannyd) санъясныд (sanʺjasnyd)
II* саннытӧ (sannytö) санъяснытӧ (sanʺjasnytö)
instrumental саннаныд (sannanyd) санъяснаныд (sanʺjasnanyd)
comitative санныдкӧд (sannydköd) санъясныдкӧд (sanʺjasnydköd)
caritive сантӧгныд (santögnyd) санъястӧгныд (sanʺjastögnyd)
consecutive санныдла (sannydla) санъясныдла (sanʺjasnydla)
genitive санныдлӧн (sannydlön) санъясныдлӧн (sanʺjasnydlön)
ablative санныдлысь (sannydlysʹ) санъясныдлысь (sanʺjasnydlysʹ)
dative санныдлы (sannydly) санъясныдлы (sanʺjasnydly)
inessive сананыд (sananyd) санъясаныд (sanʺjasanyd)
elative сансьыныд (sansʹynyd) санъяссьыныд (sanʺjassʹynyd)
illative сананыд (sananyd) санъясаныд (sanʺjasanyd)
egressive сансяньыныд (sansjanʹynyd) санъяссяньыныд (sanʺjassjanʹynyd)
approximative санланьыныд (sanlanʹynyd) санъясланьыныд (sanʺjaslanʹynyd)
terminative санӧдзыныд (sanödzynyd) санъясӧдзыныд (sanʺjasödzynyd)
prolative I санӧдыныд (sanödynyd) санъясӧдыныд (sanʺjasödynyd)
II сантіыныд (santïynyd) санъястіыныд (sanʺjastïynyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person plural
singular plural
nominative санныс (sannys) санъясныс (sanʺjasnys)
accusative I* санныс (sannys) санъясныс (sanʺjasnys)
II* саннысӧ (sannysö) санъяснысӧ (sanʺjasnysö)
instrumental саннаныс (sannanys) санъяснаныс (sanʺjasnanys)
comitative саннымкӧс (sannymkös) санъяснымкӧс (sanʺjasnymkös)
caritive сантӧгныс (santögnys) санъястӧгныс (sanʺjastögnys)
consecutive саннысла (sannysla) санъяснысла (sanʺjasnysla)
genitive санныслӧн (sannyslön) санъясныслӧн (sanʺjasnyslön)
ablative санныслысь (sannyslysʹ) санъясныслысь (sanʺjasnyslysʹ)
dative санныслы (sannysly) санъясныслы (sanʺjasnysly)
inessive сананыс (sananys) санъясаныс (sanʺjasanys)
elative сансьыныс (sansʹynys) санъяссьыныс (sanʺjassʹynys)
illative сананыс (sananys) санъясаныс (sanʺjasanys)
egressive сансяньыныс (sansjanʹynys) санъяссяньыныс (sanʺjassjanʹynys)
approximative санланьыныс (sanlanʹynys) санъясланьыныс (sanʺjaslanʹynys)
terminative санӧдзыныс (sanödzynys) санъясӧдзыныс (sanʺjasödzynys)
prolative I санӧдыныс (sanödynys) санъясӧдыныс (sanʺjasödynys)
II сантіыныс (santïynys) санъястіыныс (sanʺjastïynys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Anu-Reet Hauzenberg (1972) Названия животных в коми языке [Names of animals in the Komi language], Tallinn: Estonian Academy of Sciences, page 38
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 573

KumykEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. member
  2. limb (body part)

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. quality

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • сан in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

KyrgyzEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count). Compare to Kazakh сан (san), Shor сан, etc.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sɑn/
  • Hyphenation: сан (one syllable)

NounEdit

сан (san) (definite {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. number

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


MongolianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Usually taken to be an old loan from Chinese (cāng, granary).

Found already in Middle Mongolian, but not reconstructable for Proto-Mongolic.

NounEdit

сан (san) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. treasury
  2. treasure
  3. fund
  4. store, storehouse
  5. shop
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Tibetan བསངས་ (bsangs).

NounEdit

сан (san) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. (Buddhism) A kind of smoke ritual in which incense or juniper branches are burnt.
    Hypernym: зан үйл (dzan üyl)

See alsoEdit


Northern AltaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count).

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. number

ReferencesEdit

* Кумандинско-Русский Словарь


RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanau, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dial. Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сан (sanm inan (genitive са́на, uncountable)

  1. dignity
    Synonym: чин (čin)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *sъ̀nъ, from Proto-Indo-European *supnós.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

са̏н m (Latin spelling sȁn)

  1. sleep
  2. dream
    Шта си видела у том сну?What did you see in that dream?

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • сан” in Hrvatski jezični portal

ShorEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count).

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. number

Southern AltaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *sān. Cognate with Kazakh сан (san), Kyrgyz сан (san), Crimean Tatar san, Kumyk сан (san, limp), Tatar сан (san, limp), etc.

NounEdit

сан (san)

  1. thigh