See also: դ
, ή, and ɳ
ղ lowercase (uppercase Ղ)
- The 18th letter of Armenian alphabet, called ղատ (łat).
- velarized alveolar lateral approximant: [ɫ] in Old Armenian. Transliterated as ł.
- voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Eastern Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
- voiced uvular fricative: [ʁ] in Western Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
The pronunciation of this letter has changed considerably since classical Old Armenian. The oldest pronunciation was an l-like sound (hear it). Hence the spellings like Պաղեստին (Pałestin), Ղուկաս (Łukas), մետաղ (metał). It turned into [ʁ] (hear it) around the 10-11th centuries.
- Dum-Tragut, Jasmine, Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009, § 126.96.36.199, page 18