Introduced in the 11th century (first attested in 1037). Probably modeled on Ancient Greek φ (ph).
ֆ lowercase (uppercase Ֆ)
- The 39th and last letter of the Armenian alphabet, called ֆե (fe). Represents voiceless labiodental fricative: [f]. Transliterated as f.
- Old Armenian did not have an [f] sound; in borrowed words it was replaced by փ (pʿ) (especially from Greek) and/or հ (h) (especially from Iranian when preceding -r-); compare փիլիսոփայ (pʿilisopʿay), հրաման (hraman), օրհնեմ (ōrhnem).
- Because this letter is a late addition, it has no numerical value.
- In Traditional Armenian orthography this is the 38th letter.
- Words with ֆ (f) are either borrowings or are of onomatopoeic origin (though it is sometimes found in dialectal developments of some genuine Armenian words).
- Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 126.96.36.199, page 18