See also: تأت, پاپ, بات, تاب, تأب, and باپ

Arabic

edit
 
بَاب
Root
ب و ب (b-w-b)

Etymology

edit

Usually considered a borrowing from Aramaic בָּבָא (bāḇā, gate), from Akkadian 𒆍 (bābum, gate), particularly since the Arabs, living in tents, did not need doors. However, Hans Bauer considers all of these words native, explaining the formation as an ancient univerbation of etyma equivalent to Arabic بَاءَ (bāʔa) بِ (bi) “he has entered into (the house)”.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /baːb/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

edit

بَاب (bābm (plural أَبْوَاب (ʔabwāb) or بِيبَان (bībān))

  1. door, gate
  2. opening, gateway
  3. entrance
  4. gullet, weasand
    • c. 1200, يحيى بن محمد بن أحمد بن العوام [yaḥyā ibn muḥammad ibn ʔaḥmad ibn al-ʕawwām], edited by José Antonio Banqueri, كتاب الفلاحة [Book on Agriculture], volume 2, Madrid: Imprenta Real, published 1802IA, Cap. 33, Art. 10, page 677 line 6:
      وقد تخرج للدابة من حنكها ويسمي التحنيك وصفة العمل في ذلك إذا أحنكت الدابة فأفتح لها من الدرجة الثالثة والرابعة ولا تفتح لها قرب الباب لأن الدم ربما عسر إمساكه فتلف الدابة.
      One may extract the blood from the jaw of a beast and it is called taḥnīk and the operation consists in that you have bound the beast with a chinstrap and now cut it open to the third or fourth degree but don’t open it close the throat as it may be difficult to contain the blood and the beast will succumb.
  5. opportunity, a chance, opening
  6. military tactic, maneuver, an opening to use a strategy
  7. chapter, section, column
  8. group, class, category
  9. (astronomy) appearance of an astronomical body, a juncture, an opening to observe
  10. (figurative) domain, field

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Maltese: bieb
  • Middle Armenian: պապ (pap), բաբ (bab)
  • Malay: bab
    • Indonesian: bab
  • Persian: باب
  • Ottoman Turkish: باب (bab)
  • Turkmen: bap

References

edit
  • Bauer, Hans (1935) “Etymologica II”, in Zeitschrift für Semitistik und verwandte Gebiete (in German), volume 10, page 165
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 14
  • Freytag, Georg (1830) “باب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 170
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 74
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) “باب”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen, page 101
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “باب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Zimmern, Heinrich (1915) Akkadische Fremdwörter als Beweis für babylonischen Kultureinfluss (in German), Leipzig: A. Edelmann, page 30

Egyptian Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic بَاب (bāb).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

باب (bābm (plural بيبان (bibā́n))

  1. door

Malay

edit

Adjective

edit

باب (plural باب-باب or باب۲, informal 1st possessive بابکو, 2nd possessive بابمو, 3rd possessive بابڽ)

  1. Jawi spelling of bab

Moroccan Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic بَاب (bāb).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

باب (bābm or f (plural بيبان (bībān) or بواب (bwāb))

  1. door, gate

Persian

edit

Pronunciation

edit
 

Readings
Classical reading? bāḇ
Dari reading? bāb
Iranian reading? bâb
Tajik reading? bob

Etymology 1

edit

Adjective

edit

باب (bâb)

  1. appropriate

Etymology 2

edit

Borrowed from Arabic بَاب (bāb).

Noun

edit
Dari باب
Iranian Persian
Tajik боб

باب (bâb) (plural باب‌ها (bâb-hâ))

  1. door
  2. gate
  3. chapter

Proper noun

edit

باب (bâb)

  1. the Báb
Synonyms
edit
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Noun

edit

باب (bâb)

  1. (archaic) father

Etymology 4

edit

Borrowed from English Bob.

Proper noun

edit

باب (bâb)

  1. A transliteration of the English male given name diminutive Bob
    باب اسفنجیbâb esfanjiSpongeBob
    باب دیلنbâb dilenBob Dylan

South Levantine Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic بَاب (bāb).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

باب (bābm (plural بواب (bwāb))

  1. door
  2. gate
    Synonym: بوابة (bawwābe)
  3. entrance
    Synonym: مدخل (madḵal)