See also: باح

Arabic edit

Root
ت و ج (t-w-j)

Etymology edit

From Parthian [script needed] (tāg), attested in 𐫟𐫀𐫡𐫤𐫀𐫃 (xʾrtʾg /⁠xārtāg⁠/, crown of thorns), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teg- (to cover). Related to Arabic تَخْت (taḵt, bed, couch...), also an Iranian borrowing; and to Aramaic תָּגָא (tāḡā).

Attested as 𐢞𐢄 (tj, crown) (Nabatean script) in the 4th-century Namara inscription.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

تَاج (tājm (plural تِيجَان (tījān))

  1. crown
    الصِّحَّةُ تَاجٌ عَلَى رُؤُوسِ الْأَصِحَّاءِ لَا يَرَاهُ إِلَّا الْمَرْضَى.
    aṣ-ṣiḥḥatu tājun ʕalā ruʔūsi l-ʔaṣiḥḥāʔi lā yarāhu ʔillā l-marḍā.
    Health is a crown on the heads of the healthy, that only the ill can see.

Declension edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Baluchi edit

Etymology edit

From Persian تاج (tâj).

Noun edit

تاج (táj)

  1. crown

Ottoman Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic تَاج (tāj).

Noun edit

تاج (tac, taç)

  1. crown, diadem
  2. regal power, the position of someone who bears a crown
  3. (figurative) reign
  4. a headdress worn by various orders of dervishes, a mitre
  5. corolla of a flower
  6. chapiteau of an alembic
  7. the تاج التواریخ (tac üt-tevarih, Crown of Histories) by Sadeddin, a model for the ornatest style of literature

Descendants edit

Persian edit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology edit

From Arabic تَاج (tāj), from Parthian [Manichaean needed] (tʾg /⁠tāg⁠/, crown), attested in 𐫟𐫀𐫡𐫤𐫀𐫃 (xʾrtʾg /⁠xārtāg⁠/, crown of thorns), from Old Iranian *tāga-, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teg- (to cover).

Related to Persian تخت (taxt, bed, throne), and akin to Old Armenian թագ (tʻag), Arabic تاج (tāj), and Aramaic תָּגָא (tāḡā), Iranian borrowings.

Pronunciation edit

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Readings
Classical reading? tāj
Dari reading? tāj
Iranian reading? tâj
Tajik reading? toj

Noun edit

Dari تاج
Iranian Persian
Tajik тоҷ

تاج (tâj) (plural تاج‌ها (tâj-hâ))

  1. crown
  2. tuft

Descendants edit

Urdu edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian تاج (tāj).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

تاج (tājm (Hindi spelling ताज)

  1. crown

Uyghur edit

Etymology edit

From Persian تاج (tâj).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

تاج (taj) (plural تاجلار (tajlar))

  1. crown (royal headdress)

Further reading edit

  • Schwarz, Henry G. (1992) An Uyghur-English Dictionary (East Asian Research Aids & Translations; 3), Bellingham, Washington: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, →ISBN