U+FEFB, ﻻ
ARABIC LIGATURE LAM WITH ALEF ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEFA]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEFC]
U+FEFC, ﻼ
ARABIC LIGATURE LAM WITH ALEF FINAL FORM
[unassigned: U+FEFD–U+FEFE]

[U+FEFB]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEFF]

Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Semitic *lā. Compare Hebrew לֹא (lo), which, in older texts, is used in the negative imperative and the negative existential indicative.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /laː/
  • (file)

Particle edit

لَا ()

  1. no
  2. not; negates an indicative present-tense verb
  3. do not; expresses prohibition with a jussive verb
    لَا نَنْسَ… nansa…Let us not forget…
    لَا يَفُتْكُمْ yafutkumYou shall not miss it.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 49:11:
      يَا أَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِنْ قَوْمٍ عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونُوا خَيْرًا مِنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَاءٌ مِنْ نِسَاءٍ عَسَى أَن يَكُنَّ خَيْرًا مِنْهُنَّ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا بِٱلْأَلْقَابِ
      yā ʔayyuhā llaḏīna ʔāmanū yasḵar qawmun min qawmin ʕasā ʔan yakūnū ḵayran minhum wa-lā nisāʔun min nisāʔin ʕasā ʔan yakunna ḵayran minhunna wa- talmizū ʔanfusakum wa- tanābazū bi-l-ʔalqābi
      O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by names.
    • Zuhayr ibn Abi Sulma
      يَا حَارِ لَا أُرْمَيَنْ مِنْكُمْ بِدَاهِيَةٍ / لَمْ يَلْقَهَا سُوقَةٌ قَبْلِي وَلَا مَلِكُ
      yā ḥāri ʔurmayan minkum bidāhiyatin / lam yalqahā sūqatun qablī walā maliku
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • Al-Farazdaq
      إِذَا مَا خَرَجْنَا مِنْ دِمَشْقَ فَلَا نَعُدْ / لَهَا أَبَدًا مَا دَامَ فِيهَا الْجُرَاضِمُ
      ʔiḏā mā ḵarajnā min dimašqa falā naʕud / lahā ʔabadan mā dāma fīhā l-jurāḍimu
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  4. there is not, there is no, there is nothing, nothing is
    لَا طَالِبَ حَاضِرٌ. ṭāliba ḥāḍirun.No student is present.
  5. not; negates any non-verbal sentence element
  6. neither, nor
Usage notes edit

As shown in the example, sense 4 generally governs a noun in the determinate state and the accusative case — that is, a noun without nunation. However, subsequent adjectives are in the indeterminate state, meaning they are nunated:

  • لَا طَالِبَ مُجْتَهِدًا حَاضِرٌ ṭāliba mujtahidan ḥāḍirunNo hard-working student is present.

If, instead of an adjective, there is an attributive prepositional phrase, the initial noun can be in either state:

  • لَا طَالِبَ لَدَيْنَا مُجْتَهِدًا حَاضِرٌ ṭāliba ladaynā mujtahidan ḥāḍirunNo hard-working student of ours is present.
  • لَا طَالِبًا لِلْعِلْمِ مُقَصِّرٌ ṭāliban lilʕilmi muqaṣṣirunNo seeker of knowledge is delinquent.

Additionally, sense 4 can govern a preposition alone, with an implicit third-person singular masculine subject and no visible case or state. This is the origin of لَا عَلَيْكَ (lā ʕalayka, no worries, literally there is not [anything] on you) and similar collocations.

Isolated form Final form
لا ـلا
Antonyms edit
  • (antonym(s) of "no"): نَعَم (naʕam)
  • (antonym(s) of "expresses prohibition with a jussive verb"): لِـ (li-)
Descendants edit
  • Gulf Arabic: لَأْ (laʔ, no), لا (la, don't (used before imperatives))
  • South Levantine Arabic: لأ (laʔ), لا (la, don't (with imperative or subjunctive))
  • Maltese: la, le
  • Swahili: la

Conjunction edit

لَا ()

  1. not, and not
    أَحْضِرْ وَثَائِقَكَ لَا كُتُبَكَ
    ʔaḥḍir waṯāʔiqaka kutubaka
    Bring your documents, not your books.
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Prefix edit

لَا ()

  1. non-, un-, in-
    لَاسُلْطَوِيّ (lāsulṭawiyy)
    لَاسِلْكِيّ (lāsilkiyy)
    لَامُبَالَاة (lāmubālāh)
    لَافَقَارِيَّات (lāfaqāriyyāt)
    لَامَرْكَزِيَّة (lāmarkaziyya)
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Particle edit

لَا (la)

  1. (Classical Arabic, before a hamza) Alternative spelling of لَ (la, truly, indeed)

References edit

Persian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From French la.

Noun edit

لا ()

  1. (music) A, La (the sixth note of the fixed-Do solfège scale)
  2. (music) La (the sixth note of the movable-Do solfège scale, i.e. the submediant)

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic لَا ().

Particle edit

Dari لا
Iranian Persian
Tajik ло

لا ()

  1. (rare) un-
Synonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

Dari لا
Iranian Persian
Tajik ло

لا ()

  1. fold
  2. layer
  3. ply
  4. strand

Shina edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

لا ()

  1. cucumber

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic لَا ().

Particle edit

لا (la)

  1. don't (negative imperative)
    Synonyms: ما (), ـش ()
    لا تنسى تعمل واجباتك!
    la tinsa tiʕmil wājbātak
    Don't forget to do your homework!
  2. may it not (with subjunctive verb)
    لا يكون صابه إشي.
    la ykūn ṣābo ʔiši
    May it not be that something hurt him.

Usage notes edit

  • The negative imperative with لا (la) is more formal, while ما () and the suffix ـش () are more common in informal speech.
  • لا يكون (la ykūn) is often used a fixed expression not conjugated by person and number and might be written as one word ليكون (laykūn).

See also edit

  • لأ (laʔ, no)