See also: سعر and ش ع ر

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Root
ش ع ر (š-ʕ-r)

Pronunciation

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Verb

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شَعَرَ (šaʕara) I, non-past يَشْعُرُ‎ (yašʕuru)

  1. to know, to have knowledge, to be cognizant
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:11-12:
      وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ ۝ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. to realize, to notice, to come to know
  3. to perceive, to feel, to sense
  4. to be conscious, to be aware
Conjugation
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Verb

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شَعَرَ (šaʕara) I, non-past يَشْعُرُ‎ (yašʕuru)

  1. to make or compose poetry
  2. to poetize, to versify
Conjugation
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Verb

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شَعُرَ (šaʕura) I, non-past يَشْعُرُ‎ (yašʕuru)

  1. to become a poet
    خَالَطَ الشُّعَرَاءَ فَشَعُرَ
    ḵālaṭa š-šuʕarāʔa fašaʕura
    He mingled with the poets and became a poet
Conjugation
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Verb

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شَعِرَ (šaʕira) I, non-past يَشْعَرُ‎ (yašʕaru)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Semitic *śaʕr- (hair).

Cognate with Hebrew שיער (se'ár).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ʃa.ʕar/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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شَعْر or شَعَر (šaʕr or šaʕarm (plural أَشْعَار (ʔašʕār) or شُعُور (šuʕūr))

  1. hair
    لَقَدْ كُنْتُ أَزْرَعُ شَعْرَ جَسْدِي مُنْذُ بُضِعِ سَنَوَاتٍ حَتَّى الْآنَ.
    laqad kuntu ʔazraʕu šaʕra jasdī munḏu buḍiʕi sanawātin ḥattā l-ʔāna.
    I've been growing my hair for a few years now.
  2. bristles
  3. fur, pelt
  4. cracks, hairline cracks (in a vase)
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Gulf Arabic: شعر (šaʕar)
  • Maltese: xagħar
  • Moroccan Arabic: شعر (šʕar), شعرة (šaʕra)

Etymology 3

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Root
ش ع ر (š-ʕ-r)

Compare Hebrew שיר (shir) and Hebrew שירה (shirá).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شِعْر (šiʕrm (plural أَشْعَار (ʔašʕār))

  1. knowing, knowledge
    لَيْتَ شِعْرِيlayta šiʕrīI wish I knew
  2. noticing, perception, sensation
  3. poetry, poem, verses
Declension
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Descendants
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Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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شُعُر (šuʕurm pl

  1. plural of شِعَار (šiʕār)

References

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  • Freytag, Georg (1833) “شعر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 426–427
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) “شعر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc[2] (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1236–1238
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) “شعر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[3], London: W.H. Allen, page 544
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “شعر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic

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Etymology 1

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From Arabic شَعْر (šaʕr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شعر (šaʕarm (collective, singulative شَعْرة f (šaʕra), plural شُعور (šuʕūr))

  1. hair
  2. bristles
  3. fur
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Etymology 2

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From Arabic شِعْر (šiʕr).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ʃi.ʕir/, [ʃɪ.ʕɪr]

Noun

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شعر (šiʕirm (plural أشعار (ʔašʕār))

  1. poetry
  2. poem
    Synonym: قَصِيدة (gaṣīda)

Moroccan Arabic

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Etymology 1

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From Arabic شَعْر (šaʕr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شعر (šʕarm (collective, singulative شعرة f (šaʕra), plural شعور (šʕūr) or شعورات (šʕūrāt))

  1. hair
  2. bristles
  3. fur
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Etymology 2

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From Arabic شِعْر (šiʕr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شعر (šiʕrm (plural أشعار (ʔašʕār))

  1. poetry

Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic شِعْر (šiʕr).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? ši'r
Dari reading? še'r
Iranian reading? še'r
Tajik reading? šeʾr

Noun

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Dari شعر
Iranian Persian
Tajik шеър

شعر (še'r) (plural شعرها (še'r-hâ) or اشعار (aš'âr))

  1. poem
  2. poetry

Synonyms

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South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ش ع ر
2 terms

Etymology

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From Arabic شَعْر (šaʕr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شعر (šaʕrm

  1. hair

Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic شِعْر (šiʕr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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شعر (śerm (formal plural اَشْعار (aś'ār), Hindi spelling शेर)

  1. couplet (of Urdu poetry)

Declension

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(Colloquial)

Declension of شعر
singular plural
direct شعر (śer) شعر (śer)
oblique شعر (śer) شعروں (śerō̃)
vocative شعر (śer) شعرو (śerō)

(Standard)

Declension of شعر
singular plural
direct شعر (śer) اشعار (aśār)
oblique شعر (śer) اشعار (aśār)
vocative شعر (śer) اشعار (aśār)