See also: نی and نے

Arabic edit

Pronoun edit

ـني or ـنِيَ (-nī or -niya) (enclitic form of أَنَا (ʔanā))

  1. me (bound object pronoun)
    أَعْطَيْتُمُونِيهَاʔaʕṭaytumūnīhāYou gave it to me
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 19:30:
      قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا
      qāla ʔinnī ʕabdu l-lahi ʔātāniya l-kitāba wajaʕalanī nabiyyan
      [Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allāh. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet."

Alternative forms edit

See also edit

Arabic personal pronouns
Isolated nominative pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person أَنَا (ʔanā) نَحْنُ (naḥnu)
2nd person m أَنْتَ (ʔanta) أَنْتُمَا (ʔantumā) أَنْتُمْ (ʔantum)
f أَنْتِ (ʔanti) أَنْتُنَّ (ʔantunna)
3rd person m هُوَ (huwa) هُمَا (humā) هُمْ (hum), هُمُ (humu)1
f هِيَ (hiya) هُنَّ (hunna)
Isolated accusative pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person إِيَّايَ (ʔiyyāya) إِيَّانَا (ʔiyyānā)
2nd person m إِيَّاكَ (ʔiyyāka) إِيَّاكُمَا (ʔiyyākumā) إِيَّاكُم (ʔiyyākum)
f إِيَّاكِ (ʔiyyāki) إِيَّاكُنَّ (ʔiyyākunna)
3rd person m إِيَّاهُ (ʔiyyāhu) إِيَّاهُمَا (ʔiyyāhumā) إِيَّاهُمْ (ʔiyyāhum)
f إِيَّاهَا (ʔiyyāhā) إِيَّاهُنَّ (ʔiyyāhunna)
Enclitic accusative and genitive pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person ـنِي (-nī), ـنِيَ (-niya), ـي (-y), ـيَ (-ya)2 ـنَا (-nā)
2nd person m ـكَ (-ka) ـكُمَا (-kumā) ـكُم (-kum)
f ـكِ (-ki) ـكُنَّ (-kunna)
3rd person m ـهُ (-hu), ـهِ (-hi)3 ـهُمَا (-humā), ـهِمَا (-himā)3 ـهُم (-hum), ـهِم (-him)3
f ـهَا (-hā) ـهُنَّ (-hunna), ـهِنَّ (-hinna)3
1. هُمْ (hum) becomes هُمُ (humu) before the definite article الـ (al--).
2. Specifically, ـنِي (-nī, me) is attached to verbs, but ـِي () or ـيَ (-ya, my) is attached to nouns. In the latter case, ـيَ (-ya) is attached to nouns whose construct state ends in a long vowel or diphthong (e.g. in the sound masculine plural and the dual), while ـِي () is attached to nouns whose construct state ends in a short vowel, in which case that vowel is elided (e.g. in the sound feminine plural, as well as the singular and broken plural of most nouns). Furthermore, of the masculine sound plural is assimilated to before ـيَ (-ya) (presumably, -aw of masculine defective -an plurals is similarly assimilated to -ay). Prepositions use ـِي () or ـيَ (-ya), even though in this case it has the meaning of “me” rather than “my”. The sisters of inna can use either form (e.g. إِنَّنِي (ʔinnanī) or إِنِّي (ʔinnī)).
3. ـهِـ (-hi-) occurs after -i, , or -ay, and ـهُـ (-hu-) elsewhere (after -a, , -u, , -aw).

Egyptian Arabic edit

Suffix edit

ني (-ni)

  1. me (bound object pronoun)

Malay edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Shortened form of اين, from Proto-Malayic *(i)ni(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)ni, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)ni.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

ني (ni)

  1. this (the (thing) here)
  2. this (known (thing) just mentioned)
  3. this (known (thing) about to be mentioned)
  4. this (known (thing) that the speaker does not think is known to the audience)

Pronoun edit

ني (ni)

  1. this (The thing, item, etc. being indicated)

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabic ـنِي (-nī).

Suffix edit

ـني (-nim or f

  1. Enclitic form of أنا (ʔana) (attached to verbs)
  2. me
Usage notes edit
  • This form is only used attached to verbs. Elsewhere the form ـي (-i/-y) is used instead.
See also edit
South Levantine Arabic enclitic pronouns
Singular Plural
after consonant after vowel
1st person after verb ـني (-ni) ـنا (-na)
else ـِي (-i) ـي (-y)
2nd person m ـَك (-ak) ـك (-k) ـكُم (-kom) / ـكو (-ku)
f ـِك (-ek) ـكي (-ki)
3rd person m ـُه (-o) ـه (-h) ـهُم (-hom)
f ـها (-ha)

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic نِيء (nīʔ).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /najj/, [nej]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

نيّ (neyy) (feminine نيّة (neyye))

  1. raw, uncooked
    Antonym: مستوي (mistawi)