See also: ہی

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Semitic *šiʔa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hi.ja/
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

هِيَ (hiyaf, enclitic formـهَا(-hā)

  1. she (subject pronoun).
    هِيَ طَبِيبَةٌ
    hiya ṭabībatun
    She is a doctor
  2. it (subject pronoun, referring to animals and inanimate nouns of feminine gender)
    سَاحِلُ العَاجِ هِيَ دَوْلَةٌ تَقَعُ غَرْبَ أَفْرِيقْيَا
    sāḥilu l-ʕāji hiya dawlatun taqaʕu ḡarba ʔafrīqyā
    Cote d'Ivoire is a country that is located West of Africa
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 69:16:
      (Dr. Mustaffa Khattab)
      وَانْشَقَّتِ السَّمَاءُ فَهِيَ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَاهِيَةٌ
      wānšaqqati s-samāʔu fahiya yawmaʔiḏin wāhiyatun
      The sky will then be so torn that it will be frail
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 79:41:
      فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى
      faʔinna l-jannata hiya l-maʔwā
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  3. they (subject pronoun, non-human).
    • 2019 May 4, “⁧ما هي القضايا التي ناقشها ترامب وبوتين في مكالمتهما؟⁩”, in BBC Arabic[1]:

Descendants edit

  • Chadian Arabic: ⁧هي()
  • Egyptian Arabic: ⁧هي(híyya)
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧اِهْيَ(ehya)
  • Hijazi Arabic: ⁧هِيَّ(hiyya)
  • Maltese: hija, hi
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧هي(hiyya)
  • Tunisian Arabic: ⁧هي(hiyya)

See also edit

Arabic personal pronouns
Isolated nominative pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person أَنَا(ʔanā) نَحْنُ(naḥnu)
2nd person m أَنْتَ(ʔanta) أَنْتُمَا(ʔantumā) أَنْتُمْ(ʔantum)
f أَنْتِ(ʔanti) أَنْتُنَّ(ʔantunna)
3rd person m هُوَ(huwa) هُمَا(humā) هُمْ(hum), ⁧هُمُ(humu)1
f هِيَ(hiya) هُنَّ(hunna)
Isolated accusative pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person إِيَّايَ(ʔiyyāya) إِيَّانَا(ʔiyyānā)
2nd person m إِيَّاكَ(ʔiyyāka) إِيَّاكُمَا(ʔiyyākumā) إِيَّاكُم(ʔiyyākum)
f إِيَّاكِ(ʔiyyāki) إِيَّاكُنَّ(ʔiyyākunna)
3rd person m إِيَّاهُ(ʔiyyāhu) إِيَّاهُمَا(ʔiyyāhumā) إِيَّاهُمْ(ʔiyyāhum)
f إِيَّاهَا(ʔiyyāhā) إِيَّاهُنَّ(ʔiyyāhunna)
Enclitic accusative and genitive pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person ـنِي(-nī), ⁧ـنِيَ(-niya), ⁧ـي(-y), ⁧ـيَ(-ya)2 ـنَا(-nā)
2nd person m ـكَ(-ka) ـكُمَا(-kumā) ـكُم(-kum)
f ـكِ(-ki) ـكُنَّ(-kunna)
3rd person m ـهُ(-hu), ⁧ـهِ(-hi)3 ـهُمَا(-humā), ⁧ـهِمَا(-himā)3 ـهُم(-hum), ⁧ـهِم(-him)3
f ـهَا(-hā) ـهُنَّ(-hunna), ⁧ـهِنَّ(-hinna)3
1. ⁧هُمْ(hum) becomes ⁧هُمُ(humu) before the definite article ⁧الـ(al--).
2. Specifically, ⁧ـنِي(-nī, me) is attached to verbs, but ⁧ـِي() or ⁧ـيَ(-ya, my) is attached to nouns. In the latter case, ⁧ـيَ(-ya) is attached to nouns whose construct state ends in a long vowel or diphthong (e.g. in the sound masculine plural and the dual), while ⁧ـِي() is attached to nouns whose construct state ends in a short vowel, in which case that vowel is elided (e.g. in the sound feminine plural, as well as the singular and broken plural of most nouns). Furthermore, of the masculine sound plural is assimilated to before ⁧ـيَ(-ya) (presumably, -aw of masculine defective -an plurals is similarly assimilated to -ay). Prepositions use ⁧ـِي() or ⁧ـيَ(-ya), even though in this case it has the meaning of “me” rather than “my”. The sisters of inna can use either form (e.g. ⁧إِنَّنِي(ʔinnanī) or ⁧إِنِّي(ʔinnī)).
3. ⁧ـهِـ(-hi-) occurs after -i, , or -ay, and ⁧ـهُـ(-hu-) elsewhere (after -a, , -u, , -aw).

References edit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “هي”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Chadian Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronoun edit

هي⁩ (f

  1. she (subject pronoun)

Egyptian Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

هي (híyyaf

  1. she (subject pronoun)

See also edit

Hijazi Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

هي (hiyyaf, enclitic formـهَا(-ha).

  1. she (subject pronoun)
  2. it (subject pronoun, referring to animals and inanimate nouns of feminine gender)

Moroccan Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

هي (hiyyaf

  1. she (subject pronoun)

See also edit

Moroccan Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person آنا(ʔāna), ⁧أنا(ʔana) حنا(ḥnā)
2nd person m انت(ntā), ⁧انتينا(ntīna), ⁧انتين(ntīn) انتوما(ntūma), ⁧انتوم(ntūm)
f انت(ntī), ⁧انتينا(ntīna), ⁧انتين(ntīn)
3rd person m هو(huwwa) هوما(hūma), ⁧هوم(hūm)
f هي(hiyya)

North Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronoun edit

هي (hiyyef

  1. she (subject pronoun)
    Enclitic form:ـها(-(h/w/y)a)
See also edit
North Levantine Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person أنا(ʔana) نحنا(niḥna)
2nd person m انت(ʔinta, ʔinte) انتو(ʔintu)
f انتي(ʔinti)
3rd person m هو(huwwe) هن(hinne) / ⁧هنن(hinnen)
f هي(hiyye)

Etymology 2 edit

From the form ⁧هَيِّي(hayye, hayyi) attested in Damascene (compare the development of ⁧شويّ(šwayy) and ⁧ميّ(ṃayy)), which may be an irregular lenition of an earlier form ⁧*هَيْذِي(hayḏe, hayḏi). In the Lebanese form ⁧هيدي(hayde, haydi), the ⁧ذ() of ⁧*هيذي⁩ regularly evolved into ⁧د(d) instead of leniting.

Pronoun edit

هي (hayyf

  1. feminine of هاد(hād): (Syria) this
    Synonym: (Lebanon)هيدي(haydi)

Determiner edit

هي (hayyf

  1. feminine of هاد(hād): (Syria) this
    Synonyms: (Lebanon)هيدي(haydi), (before the definite article)هـ(ha-)

Sindhi edit

Etymology edit

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Compare Punjabi ਇਹ (iha).”

Pronoun edit

هي⁩ () (Devanagari ही)

  1. he; masculine third-person singular proximal personal pronoun

Determiner edit

هي⁩ (m (Devanagari ही)

  1. this

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hij.je/, [ˈhij.je]
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

هي (hiyyef (enclitic formـها(-ha))

  1. she (third-person feminine singular subject pronoun)
See also edit
South Levantine Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person أنا(ʔana) احنا(ʔiḥna)
2nd person m انت(ʔinta) انتو(ʔintu)
f انتي(ʔinti)
3rd person m هو(huwwe) هم(homme)
f هي(hiyye)

Etymology 2 edit

Determiner edit

هيّ (hayy)

  1. this here
    هيّ الكتاب اللي سألتني عنّه.
    hayy li-ktāb illi saʔalt-ni ʕanno
    This here is the book you asked me about.
  2. (by extension) used to stress the current nature of an action
    هيّني جاي من البنك.
    hayy-ni jāy min il-bank
    I'm coming right now from the bank.
    هيّ فيه واحد طالع من ورا الشجرة.
    hayy fīh wāḥad ṭāleʕ min wara š-šajara
    There's someone coming out right now from behind the tree.
Inflection edit
    Inflected forms of ⁧هي
Base form هيّ(hayy)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person هيّني(hayyni) هيّنا(hayyna)
2nd person هيّك(hayyak) هيّك(hayyek) هيّكم(hayykom)
3rd person هيّه(hayyo) هيّها(hayyha) هيّهم(hayyhom)

Tunisian Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicهِيَ(hiya).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

هي⁩ (hiyyaf

  1. she (subject pronoun)