Classical SyriacEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From the earlier uncontracted form ܓܠܓܠܐ ‎(galgəlāʾ), from the root ܓ-ܠ-ܠ (IPA(key): /ɡ-l-l/) related to rolling. The sense of "thisle stalks" is from Hebrew גַּלְגַּל ‎(galgal).


  • IPA(key): [ɡiɣlɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ɡiɣle(ʔ)] (plural)


ܓܝܓܠܐ ‎(transliteration neededf ‎(plural ܓܝܓܠܐ)

  1. wheel of a carriage, well, or mill
  2. (geometry) circle, ring, disc, sphere
  3. cycle, circuit, circular course, orbit
  4. (astronomy) celestial sphere
  5. potter's wheel
  6. torture device
  7. round boulder used to close a tomb
  8. (figuratively, religion) angels
  9. (botany) thistle stalks


Derived termsEdit


  • "gygl" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 42a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 68a-b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 228a-b