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See also:
U+4E80, 亀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E80
乿
[U+4E7F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E81]
U+2EF2, ⻲
CJK RADICAL J-SIMPLIFIED TURTLE

[U+2EF1]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EF3]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Glyph origin edit

Variant of , simplified from . The modern Japanese usage is of reform (shinjitai) nature.

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 213, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓田中山 (NWLU), four-corner 27716, composition )

Derived Characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 142, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 210
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 8 (in addendum), page 10, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+4E80

Chinese edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“turtle; tortoise; cuckold; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Japanese edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
かめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
 
(kame): a turtle.

⟨kame2 → */kaməɨ//kame/

From Old Japanese (kame2). First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(かめ) or (カメ) (kame

  1. a tortoise or turtle (land or marine reptile with a shell)
    • 2007, Kōsuke Hasumi, The Biology of Fairy Tales, page 28:
      (やす)んで()けてしまったウサギと(やす)まず(はし)って勝利(しょうり)したカメ
      Yasunde makete shimatta usagi to yasumazu hashitte shōri shita kame.
      The tortoise ran without resting and won, and the hare rested and lost.
  2. (by extension, figurative, as turtles are thought to be good drinkers) a drunkard
  3. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of tortoises
  4. (figurative) sluggishness; also, such a person
  5. a shrugger
  6. (slang, as it resembles a turtle's neck) a penis
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:陰茎
Usage notes edit
  • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as カメ.
Derived terms edit
Idioms edit
Proverbs edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC kwij).

Affix edit

() (ki

  1. tortoise, turtle
  2. tortoise shell used in divination
Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(gwi, gyun) (hangeul , , revised gwi, gyun, McCune–Reischauer kwi, kyun)

  1. a turtle's or tortoise's shell