U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, (sun).

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of the Sun. Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
/ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
/ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
/ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /i²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
/lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
/zit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nik/
English sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njiɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or dialectal) sun
  2. daytime
  3. (literary or dialectal) day
  4. everyday
  5. day of the month
  6. Classifier for days.
  7. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
  8. (vulgar) to fuck

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (, “night”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese /hi1/. This is distinct from (hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notesEdit

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4Edit

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

NounEdit

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhật, nhất, nhắt, nhứt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit