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U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, .

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

EtymologyEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
“Sun; day; etc.”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.
“to fuck”
Essentially a substitute character for (MC ȵiɪp̚, “to enter”), that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note: mì - only used in 日頭.
    Note: ji̍t - pronounced in some parts of Anxi, Nan'an and Yongchun counties as well..
    Note:
    • 5nyiq - vernacular;
    • 5zeq - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nyi6 - vernacular;
    • r6 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /i⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
    Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
    /ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    /ȵiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /zai²¹³/ ~本
    /neʔ/
    Hui Shexian /ni²²/
    Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    /ȵi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /i²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
    /lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
    Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
    Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
    /zit̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nik/
    English sun; day

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10845
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njiɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (astronomy) Sun
    2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
    3. day; twenty-four hours
    4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
    5. day of the month
      • 三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
    6. some day; some other time
    7. former times; previous times; the past
    8. time; period; age
    9. Classifier for days.
    10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    11. (Beijing Mandarin, Jiaoliao Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
    12. Alternative form of (èr, “two”).
    13. Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (Rìsībāníyà, “Spain”).
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 太陽 (“sun”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 太陽
    Mandarin Beijing 太陽老爺兒
    Taiwan 太陽
    Tianjin 日頭
    Harbin 太陽日頭老爺兒老太爺兒
    Shenyang 日頭
    Hailar 日頭
    Ulan Hot 日頭
    Tongliao 日頭
    Chifeng 太陽老爺兒
    Bayanhot 日頭太陽
    Jinan 太陽老爺爺兒
    Muping 日頭
    Luoyang 日頭太陽
    Jiedian 爺爺太陽
    Ronghe 日頭
    Xi'an 日頭日頭爺太陽爺
    Qingdao 日頭
    Zhengzhou 日頭
    Xining 日頭兒天氣天氣兒
    Xuzhou 太陽
    Yinchuan 太陽日頭
    Lanzhou 熱頭
    Ürümqi 太陽熱頭
    Wuhan 太陽日頭
    Huanggang 太陽
    Chengdu 太陽
    Guiyang 太陽
    Guilin 太陽
    Liuzhou 日頭太陽
    Kunming 太陽熱頭
    Yangzhou 太陽
    Nanjing 太陽日頭
    Hefei 太陽熱頭
    Nantong 太陽
    Cantonese Guangzhou 熱頭日頭太陽
    Hong Kong 太陽熱頭日頭
    Shunde 熱頭
    Foshan 熱頭
    Zhongshan 熱頭
    Dongguan 熱頭
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 熱頭
    Taishan 日頭
    Doumen 日頭
    Kaiping 熱頭熱日頭
    Shaoguan 熱頭
    Yunfu 熱頭
    Yangjiang 熱頭日頭
    Xinyi 熱頭日頭
    Lianjiang 熱頭
    Nanning 熱頭
    Wuzhou 熱頭
    Yulin 熱頭日頭
    Hepu 熱頭日頭
    Danzhou 日頭
    Kuala Lumpur 熱頭
    Gan Nanchang 日頭太陽
    Lichuan 熱頭
    Pingxiang 日頭日頭牯
    Hakka Meixian 日頭
    Xingning 日頭
    Huidong 日頭
    Qujiang 熱頭
    Xiaosanjiang 日頭
    Luchuan 熱頭
    Changting 熱頭
    Pingyu 熱頭日頭
    Wuping 熱頭
    Liancheng 熱頭
    Ninghua 熱頭
    Yudu 日頭太陽
    Ruijin 熱頭
    Shicheng 熱頭
    Shangyou 熱頭
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 日頭
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 日頭
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 日頭
    Dongshi (Dabu) 日頭
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 日頭熱頭
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 日頭
    Hong Kong 日頭
    Sabah 日頭
    Senai 日頭
    Singkawang 日頭
    Huizhou Shexian 日頭日頭孔
    Tunxi 日頭
    Jixi 日頭日頭孔
    Jin Taiyuan 陽婆陽婆爺日頭太陽
    Pingyao 日頭爺太陽爺
    Xinzhou 爺爺
    Baochang 陽婆
    Jining 日頭陽婆
    Hohhot 陽婆兒
    Baotou 日頭陽婆
    Dongsheng 陽婆
    Linhe 陽婆
    Haibowan 陽婆
    Min Bei Jian'ou 日頭
    Dikou 日頭日頭貢
    Songxi 日頭
    Zhenghe 日頭
    Zhenqian 日頭
    Jianyang 日頭
    Wuyishan 日頭
    Shibei 日頭
    Min Dong Fuzhou 日頭
    Changle 日頭
    Fuqing 日頭
    Yongtai 日頭
    Gutian 日頭
    Fu'an 日頭
    Ningde 日頭
    Shouning 日頭
    Zhouning 日頭
    Fuding 日頭
    Matsu 日頭
    Min Nan Xiamen 日頭
    Quanzhou 日頭
    Zhangzhou 日頭
    Taipei 日頭
    Kaohsiung 日頭
    Tainan 日頭
    Taichung 日頭
    Wuqi 日頭
    Hsinchu 日頭日頭公
    Taitung 日頭
    Lukang 日頭公日頭
    Sanxia 日頭
    Yilan 太陽日頭
    Kinmen 日頭
    Magong 日頭
    Penang 日頭
    Singapore 日頭
    Philippines (Manila) 日頭
    Pingnan 熱頭
    Chaozhou 日頭日頭公
    Shantou 日頭日頭公
    Haifeng 日頭
    Johor Bahru 日頭
    Wenchang 日頭
    Haikou 日頭
    Leizhou 日頭
    Puxian Min Putian 日頭
    Xianyou 日頭
    Pinghua Nanning 熱頭日頭
    Guilin 日頭
    Wu Shanghai 太陽日頭
    Suzhou 太陽日頭
    Hangzhou 太陽
    Wenzhou 太陽太陽佛熱頭熱頭佛
    Chongming 日頭
    Danyang 太陽日頭
    Jinhua 日頭日頭孔
    Ningbo 日頭太陽
    Xiang Changsha 太陽日頭太陽菩薩
    Shuangfeng 日頭太陽
    Xiangtan 日頭
    Loudi 日頭日頭窠
    Quanzhou 日頭火
    Dialectal synonyms of (“day (24 hours)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Wu Shanghai
    Xiang Changsha
    • (day of the month): (hào)
    AntonymsEdit
    • (, “night”)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name born by Jin Midi (金日磾) and Ma Midi (馬日磾).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. day
    2. sun
    3. counter for days
    4. birthday
    5. Japan

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Old Japanese /hi1/ invalid IPA characters (1). This is distinct from (hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ invalid IPA characters (2) in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji hi)

    1. sun
    2. day
    SynonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana にち, rōmaji Nichi)

    1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
       (にち) () (せん) (そう)
      Nichi-Ro sensō
      Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji fu)

    1. (obsolete) day
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

    1. number of days

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

    1. day of the month

    Usage notesEdit

    The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

    Etymology 5Edit

    Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ke)

    1. (obsolete) days
      Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 6Edit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana にち, rōmaji -nichi)

    1. -th
       (にじゅう) (しち) (にち)
      nijūshichi-nichi
      the 27th

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (nal il))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    NounEdit

    ()

    1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday
    2. (as an abbreviation) Japan

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nhật, nhất, nhắt, nhứt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit