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See also: , , , , and 𐌇
U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, .

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

EtymologyEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
“Sun; day; etc.”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.
“to fuck”
Essentially a substitute character for (MC ȵiɪp̚, “to enter”), that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note: mì - only used in 日頭.
    Note: ji̍t - pronounced in some parts of Anxi, Nan'an and Yongchun counties as well..
    Note:
    • 5nyiq - vernacular;
    • 5zeq - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nyi6 - vernacular;
    • r6 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /i⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
    Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
    /ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    /ȵiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /zai²¹³/ ~本
    /neʔ/
    Hui Shexian /ni²²/
    Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    /ȵi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /i²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
    /lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
    Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
    Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
    /zit̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nik/
    English sun; day

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10845
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njiɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (astronomy) Sun
    2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
    3. day; twenty-four hours
    4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
    5. day of the month
      • 三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
    6. some day; some other time
    7. former times; previous times; the past
    8. time; period; age
    9. Classifier for days.
    10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    11. (Beijing, Jiaoliao Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
    12. Alternative form of (èr, “two”).
    13. Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (Rìsībāníyà, “Spain”).
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 太陽 (“sun”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 太陽
    Mandarin Beijing 太陽, 老爺兒, 日頭 in set phrases
    Taiwan 太陽
    Tianjin 太陽, 日頭, 太爺
    Harbin 太陽, 日頭, 老爺兒, 老太爺兒
    Shenyang 太陽, 日頭
    Hailar 日頭, 太陽, 老爺兒
    Ulanhot 日頭
    Tongliao 日頭
    Chifeng 太陽, 老爺兒
    Bayanhot 日頭, 太陽
    Jinan 太陽, 老爺爺兒
    Muping 日頭
    Luoyang 日頭, 太陽
    Wanrong 爺爺, 太陽
    Wanrong (Ronghe) 日頭
    Xi'an 日頭, 日頭爺, 太陽爺,
    Qingdao 太陽, 日頭
    Zhengzhou 太陽, 日頭
    Xining 太陽, 日頭兒, 天氣, 天氣兒
    Xuzhou 太陽
    Yinchuan 太陽, 日頭
    Lanzhou 太陽, 熱頭
    Ürümqi 太陽, 熱頭
    Wuhan 太陽, 日頭
    Huanggang 太陽
    Chengdu 太陽
    Guiyang 太陽
    Guilin 太陽, 日頭
    Liuzhou 日頭, 太陽
    Kunming 太陽, 熱頭
    Yangzhou 太陽, 熱頭
    Nanjing 太陽, 日頭
    Hefei 太陽, 熱頭
    Nantong 太陽
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 熱頭, 太陽
    Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 日頭,
    Cantonese Guangzhou 熱頭, 日頭, 太陽
    Hong Kong 太陽, 熱頭, 日頭
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 熱頭
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 熱頭
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 日頭
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 熱頭
    Macau 熱頭
    Panyu 熱頭
    Huadu (Huashan) 熱頭
    Conghua 熱頭
    Zengcheng 熱頭, 日頭
    Foshan 熱頭
    Nanhai (Shatou) 熱頭
    Shunde 熱頭
    Sanshui 熱頭
    Gaoming (Mingcheng) 日頭
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 熱頭
    Zhuhai (Qianshan) 熱頭
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 日頭
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 日頭
    Xinhui 熱頭
    Taishan 日頭
    Kaiping (Chikan) 熱頭
    Enping (Niujiang) 熱頭
    Heshan (Yayao) 日頭
    Dongguan 熱頭
    Bao'an (Shajing) 熱頭
    Dapeng 熱頭
    Shaoguan 熱頭
    Yunfu 熱頭
    Yangjiang 熱頭, 日頭
    Xinyi 熱頭, 日頭
    Lianjiang 熱頭
    Nanning 熱頭
    Wuzhou 熱頭
    Yulin 熱頭, 日頭
    Hepu 熱頭, 日頭
    Danzhou 日頭
    Kuala Lumpur 熱頭
    Ho Chi Minh City 日頭
    Gan Nanchang 日頭, 太陽
    Lichuan , 熱頭
    Pingxiang 日頭, 日頭牯
    Hakka Meixian 日頭
    Xingning 日頭
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 熱頭
    Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 日頭
    Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 日頭
    Huiyang 日頭
    Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 日頭
    Huidong (Daling) 日頭
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 日頭
    Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 熱頭
    Longmen (Luxi Bendihua) 熱頭
    Boluo (Bendihua) 熱頭
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 日頭
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 熱頭
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 日頭, 熱頭
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 熱頭
    Wuhua (Shuizhai) 日頭
    Wuhua (Huacheng) 日頭, 熱頭
    Wuhua (Changbu) 日頭
    Wuhua (Mianyang) 日頭
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 熱頭, 太陽
    Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 日頭
    Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua) 日頭
    Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua) 日頭
    Heping (Linzhai Bendihua) 日頭
    Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 熱頭
    Lianping (Longjie Bendihua) 日頭
    Qujiang 熱頭
    Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua) 熱頭
    Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 熱頭
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 日頭
    Liannan 熱頭
    Conghua (Lütian) 熱頭
    Jiexi 熱頭
    Luchuan 熱頭
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 熱頭
    Changting 熱頭
    Pingyu 熱頭, 日頭
    Wuping 熱頭
    Liancheng 熱頭
    Ninghua 熱頭
    Yudu 日頭, 太陽
    Ruijin 熱頭
    Shicheng 熱頭
    Shangyou 熱頭
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 日頭
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 日頭
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 日頭
    Dongshi (Dabu) 日頭
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 日頭, 熱頭
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 日頭
    Hong Kong 日頭
    Sabah (Longchuan) 日頭
    Senai 日頭
    Singkawang 日頭
    Huizhou Jixi 日頭, 日頭孔
    Shexian 日頭, 日頭孔
    Tunxi 日頭
    Xiuning 日頭, 太陽
    Yixian 熱頭
    Qimen 日頭, 太陽
    Wuyuan 日頭
    Fuliang 日頭
    Dexing 日頭
    Jingde 日頭
    Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 日頭
    Jin Taiyuan 陽婆, 陽婆爺, 日頭, 太陽
    Pingyao 日頭爺, 太陽爺, 爺爺
    Xinzhou 爺爺
    Baochang 陽婆
    Jining 日頭, 陽婆, 太陽
    Hohhot 陽婆兒, 太陽, 日頭
    Baotou 日頭, 陽婆
    Dongsheng 陽婆
    Linhe 陽婆, 太陽
    Haibowan 陽婆
    Min Bei Jian'ou 日頭
    Dikou 日頭, 日頭貢
    Songxi 日頭
    Zhenghe 日頭
    Zhenqian 日頭
    Jianyang 日頭
    Wuyishan 日頭
    Shibei 日頭
    Min Dong Fuzhou 日頭
    Changle 日頭
    Fuqing 日頭
    Yongtai 日頭
    Gutian 日頭
    Fu'an 日頭
    Ningde 日頭
    Shouning 日頭
    Zhouning 日頭
    Fuding 日頭
    Matsu 日頭
    Min Nan Xiamen 日頭,
    Tong'an 日頭
    Quanzhou 日頭,
    Jinjiang 日頭
    Hui'an 日頭
    Anxi 日頭
    Yongchun 日頭, , 日頭公
    Zhangzhou 日頭,
    Longhai 日頭
    Changtai 日頭
    Hua'an 日頭
    Nanjing 日頭
    Zhangpu 日頭
    Zhao'an 日頭
    Dongshan 日頭公, 日頭
    Taipei 日頭
    Kaohsiung 日頭
    Tainan 日頭
    Taichung 日頭
    Wuqi 日頭
    Hsinchu 日頭, 日頭公
    Taitung 日頭
    Lukang 日頭公, 日頭
    Sanxia 日頭
    Yilan 太陽, 日頭
    Kinmen 日頭
    Magong 日頭,
    Penang 日頭,
    Singapore 日頭
    Philippines (Manila) 日頭
    Longyan 日頭
    Zhangping 日頭
    Zhangping (Yongfu) 日頭, 日頭公
    Datian 日頭
    Pingnan 熱頭
    Chaozhou , 日頭, 日頭公
    Shantou , 日頭, 日頭公
    Haifeng , 日頭
    Johor Bahru 日頭
    Wenchang 日頭
    Haikou , 日頭
    Leizhou 日頭
    Puxian Min Putian 日頭
    Xianyou 日頭
    Pinghua Nanning 熱頭, 日頭
    Guilin 日頭
    Shehua Fu'an 日頭
    Fuding 日頭
    Luoyuan 日頭
    Sanming 日頭
    Shunchang 日頭
    Hua'an 日頭
    Guixi 日頭
    Cangnan 熱頭, 日頭
    Jingning 熱頭
    Lishui 熱頭
    Longyou 熱頭
    Chaozhou 日頭
    Fengshun 熱頭
    Wu Shanghai 太陽, 日頭
    Suzhou 太陽, 日頭
    Wuxi 太陽, 日頭
    Hangzhou 太陽
    Wenzhou 太陽, 太陽佛, 熱頭, 熱頭佛
    Chongming 日頭
    Danyang 太陽, 日頭
    Jinhua 日頭, 日頭孔, 太陽
    Tangxi 日頭孔
    Ningbo 太陽, 日頭, 日蒲頭
    Xiang Changsha 太陽, 日頭, 太陽菩薩
    Shuangfeng 日頭, 太陽
    Xiangtan 日頭
    Loudi 日頭, 日頭窠
    Quanzhou 日頭火
    Dialectal synonyms of (“day (24 hours)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei ,
    Kaohsiung ,
    Tainan ,
    Taichung ,
    Hsinchu ,
    Lukang ,
    Sanxia ,
    Yilan ,
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai ,
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    • (day of the month): (hào)
    AntonymsEdit
    • (, “night”)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi (金日磾) and Ma Midi (馬日磾).

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. sun
    2. daytime
    3. day
    4. Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
    5. Hyūga Province

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    にち
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /nʲiti//nit͡ɕi/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪt̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana にち, rōmaji nichi)

    1. Short for 日曜日 (nichiyōbi): Sunday

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana にち, rōmaji -nichi)

    1. day of a month
       (にじゅう) (しち) (にち)
      nijūshichi-nichi
      the 27th
    2. number of days
       (たん) (じょう) ()まであと1 (じゅう)2 () (にち)
      tanjōbi made ato jūni-nichi da
      My birthday is in twelve days.
    Usage notesEdit

    Sometimes shortened to んち (​-nchi) or (​-chi).

    Derived termsEdit
    Japanese number-counter combinations for
    1(st) 2(nd) 3(rd) 4(th) 5(th) 6(th) 7(th) 8(th) 9(th) 10(th)
    How many?  (いち) (にち) (ichinichi)  (ふつ) () (futsuka)  (みっ) () (mikka)  (よっ) () (yokka)  (いつ) () (itsuka)  (むい) () (muika)  (なの) () (nanoka)  (よう) () (yōka)  (ここの) () (kokonoka)  (とお) () (tōka)
    What day? 一日 (ついたち) (tsuitachi)
     (いっ) () (ippi)
    20(th) 30(th) 40(th) 50(th) 100(th) 1,000(th) 10,000(th) ?
    How many?  () () () (hatsuka)  () () () (misoka)  () (じゅう) (にち) (shijūnichi)
     () () () (yosoka)
     () (じゅう) (にち) (gojūnichi)
    五十 () () (ika)
     (ひゃく) (にち) (hyakunichi)
     (もも) () (momoka)
     (せん) (にち) (sennichi)  (いち) (まん) (にち) (ichimannichi)  (なん) (にち) (nannichi)
    What day?

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana にち, rōmaji Nichi)

    1. Short for 日本 (Nihon, Nippon): Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
       (にち) () (せん) (そう)
      Nichi-Ro Sensō
      Russo-Japanese War (literally "Japanese-Russian War")
      Synonym: (Wa)
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨pi1 → */pʲi//fi//hi/

    From Old Japanese.

    Appears to be distinct from (/pi2/ → hi, fire). See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (sun, daytime, sunlight):

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji hi)

    1. the sun
      Synonyms: 日輪 (nichirin), 御日様 (ohisama), 太陽 (taiyō)
    2. daytime
      Synonym: 昼間 (hiruma)
    3. sunlight, sunshine
      Synonyms: 日光 (nikkō); 日差し, 射し (hizashi)
    4. a (24-hour) day
      Synonym: 一昼夜 (itchūya)
    5. number of days
      Synonyms: 日数 (nissu, hikazu), 日日 (hinichi)
    6. an appointed or fixed date
      Synonyms: 日限 (nichigen), 日時 (nichiji)
    7. a daily (something done everyday)
      Synonyms: 日々 (hibi), 毎日 (mainichi)
    8. weather
      Synonyms: 空模様 (sora moyō), 天候 (tenkō), 日和 (hiyori)
    9. a (usually unfortunate) case, event, situation
    10. an age, era or time in the past; the times
      Synonyms: (koro), 時代 (jidai)
    11. an auspicious or inauspicious aspect of a given day
      Synonym: 日柄 (higara)
    12. a type of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a design of the sun
    13. appellation of reverence to the imperial family, thought to be descendants of the sun goddess Amaterasu
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /pu//fu/

    From Old Japanese.

    Apophonic form of hi, ancient pi (see above), found in compounds.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji fu)

    1. (obsolete) a day
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

    1. day of the month
    2. number of days
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ke2 → */kəj//ke/

    From Old Japanese.

    Apohonic form of ka (see above), possibly by the fusion of ancient nominal particle (i).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ke)

    1. (archaic, obsolete) days
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 484), text here
         (ひと) () (こそ) (ひと) ()待吉 (まちよき) (ながき) () ()如此耳待 (かくのみまた) () (あり)不得勝 (かつましじ) [Man'yōgana]
         (ひと) ()こそ (ひと) ()ちよき (なが) ()をかくのみ ()たばありかつましじ [Modern spelling]
        hitohi koso hito mo machiyoki nagaki ke o kaku nomi mataba arikatsumashiji
        (please add an English translation of this example)
      Synonym: 日々 (hibi)
    Usage notesEdit

    Only used in plural contexts, never used to indicate a single day.

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (nal il))

    1. Hanja form? of (day; sun).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit