See also: , , , , and 𐌇
gw u65e5-g.svg
U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]
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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №231

Usage notesEdit

  • Not to be confused with (Kangxi radical #73), which is generally wider and shorter.

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Further readingEdit


ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun () and the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓇳.

EtymologyEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
“Sun; day; etc.”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəj. Cognate to Tibetan ཉི་མ (nyi ma, sun, day), Burmese နေ့ (ne., day), S'gaw Karen နံၤ (, day), and Sichuan Yi (nyip, day, daytime).
“to fuck”
Essentially a substitute character for (MC ȵiɪp̚, “to enter”), that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note: mì - only used in 日頭.
    Note: ji̍t - pronounced in some parts of Anxi, Nan'an and Yongchun counties as well.
    Note:
    • 5nyiq - vernacular;
    • 5zeq - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nyi6 - vernacular;
    • r6 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /i⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
    Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
    /ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    /ȵiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /zai²¹³/ ~本
    /neʔ/
    Hui Shexian /ni²²/
    Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
    /ȵi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /i²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
    /lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
    Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
    Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
    /zit̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nik/
    English sun; day

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10845
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njiɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (astronomy) Sun
      Synonym: 太陽太阳 (tàiyáng)
    2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
        ―  bān  ―  day shift
      Synonyms: 日間日间 (rìjiān), 白天 (báitiān), 白日 (báirì), 白晝白昼 (báizhòu)
      Antonyms: (), 夜間夜间 (yèjiān), 夜晚 (yèwǎn), 晚上 (wǎnshang)
    3. day; twenty-four hours
      Synonym: (tiān)
    4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
    5. day of the month
      三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
      Synonym: (hào)
    6. some day; some other time
    7. former times; previous times; the past
    8. time; period; age
    9. Classifier for days.
    10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
      詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
    11. (Beijing, Jiaoliao Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
        ―  gǒu  ―  fucking
      alt. forms: (),
      Synonym: (cào)
    12. Alternative form of (èr, “two”).
    13. Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (Rìsībāníyà, “Spain”).
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi (金日磾) and Ma Midi (馬日磾).

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    にち
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /nʲitɨ//nit͡ɕi/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪt̚).

    The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (にち) (nichi

    1. Short for 日曜日 (nichiyōbi): Sunday

    CounterEdit

    (にち) (-nichi

    1. ordinal day of a month
      27(にじゅうしち)(にち)nijūshichi-nichithe 27th
    2. number of days
      (たん)(じょう)()まであと12(じゅうに)(にち)tanjōbi made ato jūni-nichi daMy birthday is in 12 days.
    Usage notesEdit

    Sometimes shortened to んち (​-nchi) or (​-chi).

    Derived termsEdit
    See alsoEdit
    Japanese number-counter combinations for
    1(st) 2(nd) 3(rd) 4(th) 5(th) 6(th) 7(th) 8(th) 9(th) 10(th)
    How many? (いち)(にち) (ichinichi) (ふつ)() (futsuka) (みっ)() (mikka) (よっ)() (yokka) (いつ)() (itsuka) (むい)() (muika) (なの)() (nanoka)
    (なぬ)() (nanuka)
    (よう)() (yōka) (ここの)() (kokonoka) (とお)() (tōka)
    What day? 一日(ついたち) (tsuitachi)
    (いっ)() (ippi)
    11(th) 12(th) 13(th) 14(th) 15(th) 16(th) 17(th) 18(th) 19(th) 20(th)
    (じゅう)(いち)(にち) (jūichinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūninichi) (じゅう)(さん)(にち) (jūsannichi) (じゅう)(よっ)() (jūyokka) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūgonichi) (じゅう)(ろく)(にち) (jūrokunichi) (じゅう)(しち)(にち) (jūshichinichi) (じゅう)(はち)(にち) (jūhachinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūkunichi) 二十(はつ)() (hatsuka)
    24(th) 27(th) 29(th) 30(th) 40(th) 50(th) 100(th) 1,000(th) 10,000(th) ?
    ()(じゅう)(よっ)() (nijūyokka) ()(じゅう)(しち)(にち) (nijūshichinichi) ()(じゅう)()(にち) (nijūkunichi) (さん)(じゅう)(にち) (sanjūnichi)
    ()()() (misoka)
    ()(じゅう)(にち) (shijūnichi)
    ()()() (yosoka)
    ()(じゅう)(にち) (gojūnichi)
    五十()() (ika)
    (ひゃく)(にち) (hyakunichi)
    (もも)() (momoka)
    (せん)(にち) (sennichi) (いち)(まん)(にち) (ichimannichi) (なん)(にち) (nannichi)

    AffixEdit

    (にち) (nichi

    1. sun
    2. daytime, daylight
    3. day
    4. Short for 日本 (Nihon, Nippon): Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
    5. Short for 日向国 (Hyūga-no-kuni): Hyūga Province
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    じつ
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /d͡ʑitʉ//d͡ʑit͡su//ʑit͡su/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪt̚). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Min Nan (ji̍t).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (じつ) (jitsu

    1. sun
    2. day
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨pi1 → */pʲi//ɸi//hi/

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (sun, sunlight, daytime):

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (hi

    1. the sun
      Synonyms: 太陽 (taiyō), 日輪 (nichirin)
    2. sunlight, sunshine
      Synonym: 日光 (nikkō)
    3. daytime, daylight
      Synonym: 昼間 (hiruma)
    4. a day
    5. time and date
    6. a daily (something done everyday)
      Synonyms: 日々 (hibi), 毎日 (mainichi)
    7. the weather
      Synonym: 天気 (tenki)
    8. a (usually unfortunate) case, event, situation
    9. the times (age, era, or time in the past)
      Synonyms: (koro), 時代 (jidai)
    10. an auspicious or inauspicious aspect of a given day
      Synonym: 日柄 (higara)
    11. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a sun-shaped design
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    CounterEdit

    () (-ka

    1. daytimes
    2. number of days
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪt̚). Recorded as Middle Korean ᅀᅵᆯ〮 (Yale: zil) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nal il))

    1. Hanja form? of (day; sun).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    Old JapaneseEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Proto-Japonic *pi.

    Distinct from (pi2, fire). See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

    NounEdit

    (pi1) (kana )

    1. the sun
    2. sunlight, sunshine
    3. daytime, daylight
    4. a day
    5. a reference to the imperial family or lineage, thought to be descended from the sun goddess Amaterasu
    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    SuffixEdit

    (-ka) (kana )

    1. daytimes
    2. number of days
    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • Japanese: (-ka)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Apophonic form of ka above, possibly by the fusion of ancient nominal particle (i).

    NounEdit

    (ke2) (kana )

    1. (plural only) days
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 484), text here
        一日社人母待吉長乎如此耳待者有不得勝
        pi1to1pi1 ko2so2 pi1to2 mo mati yo2ki1 nagaki1 ke2 wo kaku nomi2 mateba arikatu
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Derived termsEdit

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: nhật ((nhân)(chất)(thiết))[1][2][3], nhựt[3]
    : Nôm readings: nhặt[1][2][3][4][5], nhật[1][2][5], nhạt[2][3], nhựt[2][5], nhờn[1]

    1. Hán tự form of nhật (sun; day).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit