Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
龜-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
龜-aorder.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script
龜-oracle.svg 龜-bronze.svg 龜-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形)

Han characterEdit

(radical 213 +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹月尸尸 (HBSS) or 弓X山 (NXU), four-corner 27117)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1537, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48847
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4809, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9F9C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪ/ /kwi/ /kui/ /kʷi/ /kwi/ /kwi/ /kjuɪ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨu/ /ki̯ə̯u/ /kiu/ /kiu/ /kuw/ /kĭəu/ /kiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guī ‹ kjuw › /*[k]ʷə/ tortoise
guī ‹ kwij › /*[k]ʷrə/ tortoise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4614 0 /*kʷɯ/
4616 1 /*kʷrɯ/

NounEdit

  1. turtle; tortoise
  2. cuckold

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 龜茲龟兹 (Qiūcí).

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 龜裂龟裂 (jūnliè).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu, gyun, gwi) (hangeul , , 귀, revised gu, gyun, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kyun, kwi, Yale kwu, kyun, kwi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(qui, quân, quy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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