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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Hong Kong
stroke order
 
Stroke order
(alternative)
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 213 +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹月尸尸 (HBSS) or 弓X山 (NXU), four-corner 27117)

  1. Kangxi radical #213, .

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1537, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48847
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2078, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4809, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9F9C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𪚧
𪚿
𪚨
𪚦

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯ, *kʷruʔ
*kʷɯ, *kʷrɯ

Pictogram (象形).

Etymology 1Edit

Austroasiatic. Compare Mon [script needed] (kwi̤ʔ, freshwater turtle), Nyah Kur [script needed] (thəwi̤iʔ, freshwater soft-shelled tortoise) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ku - vernacular;
  • kui - literary.
Note:
  • 1jy - vernacular;
  • 1kue - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjwi/
Li
Rong
/kjui/
Wang
Li
/kwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷrɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. turtle; tortoise
  2. (figuratively) cuckold

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuw/
Li
Rong
/kiu/
Wang
Li
/kĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiū
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 龜茲龟兹 (Qiūcí).

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of skin) to crack; to become chapped

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. turtle

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu, gyun, gwi) (hangeul , , 귀, revised gu, gyun, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kyun, kwi, Yale kwu, kyun, kwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(qui, quân, quy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.