See also: , , さ゚, , and き゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KI.svg
U+304D, き
HIRAGANA LETTER KI

[U+304C]
Hiragana
[U+304E]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji ki)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ki). Its equivalent in katakana is (ki). It is the seventh syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō i-dan, row ka, section i).
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] a tree or shrub
[noun] wood, timber, lumber
[noun] (graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
[noun] (theater, sumo, etc.) a clapper used to signal the opening or closing of a match or play
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as き.)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[noun] spirit, mood
[noun] inclination, will, mood, urge
[noun] feeling, sense
[noun] air, gas
[noun] air, nature, disposition, sense
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
2
[affix] steam; vapor
2
[affix] to return; to come back to
[affix] to follow; to submit
2
[affix] to record; to mark
[affix] to remember; to keep in mind
[noun] a chronicle
[suffix] chronicle, history, account, record
[proper noun] Short for 古事記 (Kojiki): the oldest extant record of the history of ancient Japan
[proper noun] a surname
3
[affix] to rise; to get up; to stand up
[affix] to start; to begin; to cause; to bring about
[affix] origin; cause; beginning
3
[affix] time; period
[affix] to expect; to look forward to
[suffix] period (of time)
[suffix] (television show) season
[suffix] geological age
4
[affix] rare; scarce
[affix] sparse; dilute
[affix] to hope
4
[affix] season
[affix] end of a period
[affix] youngest
5
[affix] rule; regulation
[affix] age; era; period
[affix] to record; to write down
[proper noun] A surname​.
5
[affix] joy; delight; pleasure
4
[affix] flag; banner
[noun] banner (type of administrative division in Inner Mongolia, China)
4
[affix] device; instrument
[affix] container; vessel
[suffix] device; instrument
4
[noun] a machine, a device; a contraption
[noun] a loom
[noun] an opportunity, a chance to do something; the right time or moment
[noun] something of great importance: the linchpin of the matter
[noun] resourcefulness
[noun] (Buddhism) the moment of being moved into action by the teachings of the Buddha: see 機根 (kikon)
[noun] by extension, the workings of the heart or mind in general
[noun] in Noh theater, the breath of the mind
[noun] short for 飛行機 (hikōki): an airplane, an aircraft
[noun] short for 機関銃 (kikanjū): a machine gun
[counter] indicates aircraft
[counter] indicates paper aeroplanes
[counter] (from the chance sense) indicates lives in video games
[suffix] indicates machines
[suffix] indicates airplanes
5
[affix] foundation; base; basis
[affix] (chemistry) a group; a radical
[counter] counter for grounded things (e.g. pyramids, electric power plants, wells, toro (Japanese traditional lantern), tombs)
[counter] counter for wooden grave tablets (卒塔婆 (sotoba))
6
[proper noun] the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
6
[prefix] (archaic) added to nouns related to people to indicate superiority
[prefix] (archaic) added to nouns to indicate respect and possession: your
[suffix] added after nouns related to people to express love and respect
S
[noun] mourning
[noun] anniversary of someone's death
S
[adjective] strange
[noun] strangeness
S
[affix] to pray
[affix] to wish
S
[suffix] girl; maiden; woman
S
[affix] hungry; starve
S
[affix] tortoise, turtle
[affix] tortoise shell used in divination
S
[affix] riding on horseback
[affix] a horseperson
[counter] [early 1200s] horseperson
[noun] riding on horseback
[noun] [1877] (rare) a horseperson
H
[proper noun] something J; the tenth of the ten Heavenly Stems
H
[affix] hope for, look forward to, wish
[proper noun] (historical) Short for 冀州 (Kishū): Ji Province
[proper noun] Synonym of 河北 (Kahoku): Hebei Province
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as き.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .)

Etymology 4Edit

SuffixEdit

(-ki

  1. (Classical Japanese) Indicates past tense: -ed
    Used when the speaker has directly experienced the event described, as opposed to けり.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Follows the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of inflectable words, except:

終止形 (terminal) 連体形 (attributive) 已然形 (realis)
() (ku) + (unattested) こし (koshi) こしか (koshika)
(su) + しき (shiki) せし (seshi) せしか (seshika)

This word is morphologically an inflectional suffix. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • けむ (kemu) (possibly a derivative)

See alsoEdit