See also: , , and き゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KI.svg
U+304D, き
HIRAGANA LETTER KI

[U+304C]
Hiragana
[U+304E]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style. Variants include those derived by similar process from , , , , and .

SyllableEdit

(romaji ki)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ki). Its equivalent in katakana is (ki). It is the seventh syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō i-dan, row ka, section i).
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] a tree or shrub
[noun] wood, timber, lumber
[noun] (graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
[noun] (theater, sumo, etc.) a clapper used to signal the opening or closing of a match or play
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as き.)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[noun] spirit, mood
[noun] inclination, will, mood, urge
[noun] feeling, sense
[noun] air, gas
[noun] air, nature, disposition, sense
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
2
[affix] steam; vapor
2
[affix] to return; to come back to
[affix] to follow; to submit
2
[affix] to record; to mark
[affix] to remember; to keep in mind
[noun] a chronicle
[suffix] chronicle, history, account, record
[proper noun] Short for 古事記 (Kojiki): the oldest extant record of the history of ancient Japan
[proper noun] a surname
3
[affix] to rise; to get up; to stand up
[affix] to start; to begin; to cause; to bring about
[affix] origin; cause; beginning
3
[affix] time; period
[affix] to expect; to look forward to
[suffix] period (of time)
[suffix] (television show) season
[suffix] geological age
4
[affix] rare; scarce
[affix] sparse; dilute
[affix] to hope
4
[affix] season
[affix] end of a period
[affix] youngest
5
[affix] rule; regulation
[affix] age; era; period
[affix] to record; to write down
[proper noun] A surname​.
5
[affix] joy; delight; pleasure
4
[affix] flag; banner
[noun] banner (type of administrative division in Inner Mongolia, China)
4
[affix] device; instrument
[affix] container; vessel
[suffix] device; instrument
4
[noun] a machine, a device; a contraption
[noun] a loom
[noun] an opportunity, a chance to do something; the right time or moment
[noun] something of great importance: the linchpin of the matter
[noun] resourcefulness
[noun] (Buddhism) the moment of being moved into action by the teachings of the Buddha: see 機根 (kikon)
[noun] by extension, the workings of the heart or mind in general
[noun] in Noh theater, the breath of the mind
[noun] short for 飛行機 (hikōki): an airplane, an aircraft
[noun] short for 機関銃 (kikanjū): a machine gun
[counter] indicates aircraft
[counter] indicates paper aeroplanes
[counter] (from the chance sense) indicates lives in video games
[suffix] indicates machines
[suffix] indicates airplanes
5
[affix] foundation; base; basis
[counter] counter for grounded things (e.g. pyramids, electric power plants, wells, toro (Japanese traditional lantern), tombs)
[counter] counter for wooden grave tablet (卒塔婆(そとば) (sotoba))
6
[proper noun] the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
6
[prefix] (archaic) added to nouns related to people to indicate superiority
[prefix] (archaic) added to nouns to indicate respect and possession: your
[suffix] added after nouns related to people to express love and respect
S
[noun] mourning
[noun] anniversary of someone's death
S
[affix] to pray
[affix] to wish
S
[suffix] girl; maiden; woman
S
[affix] hungry; starve
S
[affix] tortoise, turtle
[affix] tortoise shell used in divination
S
[affix] riding on horseback
[affix] a horseperson
[counter] [early 1200s] horseperson
[noun] riding on horseback
[noun] [1877] (rare) a horseperson
H
[proper noun] something J; the tenth of the ten Heavenly Stems
H
[affix] hope for, look forward to, wish
[proper noun] (historical) Short for 冀州 (Kishū): Ji Province
[proper noun] Synonym of 河北 (Kahoku): Hebei Province
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as き.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .)

Etymology 4Edit

SuffixEdit

(-ki

  1. (Classical Japanese) Indicates past tense: -ed
    Used when the speaker has directly experienced the event described, as opposed to けり.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Follows the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of inflectable words, except:

終止形 (terminal) 連体形 (attributive) 已然形 (realis)
() (ku) + (unattested) こし (koshi) こしか (koshika)
(su) + しき (shiki) せし (seshi) せしか (seshika)

This word is morphologically an inflectional suffix. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit