ChineseEdit

 
to use; according to; so as to
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
 
under; next; lower
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
simp. and trad.
(以下)
alternative forms 已下 obsolete

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

以下

  1. below; under
  2. the following; as follows; hereinafter

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (以下):
  • Japanese: 以下(いか) (ika)
  • Korean: 이하 (以下, iha)
  • Vietnamese: dĩ hạ (以下)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

Grade: 1
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

以下(いか) (ika

  1. less than; at most, not more than, not exceeding
    • 1950, 久坂葉子, 落ちてゆく世界:
      (ゆき)ちゃん、おばさん今日(きょう)から一日(いちにち)五十円(ごじゅうえん)以下(いか)()まそうと(おも)ってるのよ。
      “Yukichan, obasan kyō kara ichinichi o go jū en ika de sumasō to omotteru no yo.
      Yuki, starting today your grandma has decided to spend no more than 50 yen per day, okay?
  2. the following; "the [something] below" (such as text or a diagram)
    • 1918, 芥川龍之介, あの頃の自分の事:
      以下(いか)小説(しょうせつ)()種類(しゅるい)のものではないかも()れない。
      Ika wa shōsetsu to yobu shurui no mono de wa nai kamoshirenai.
      What follows may perhaps not be considered any type of novel.

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit