Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+96EA, 雪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96EA

[U+96E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96EB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一月尸一 (MBSM), four-corner 10177/10174, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+96EA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqʰʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds, *sɢʷids
*sɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds
*ɢʷeds, *ɢʷad
*qʰʷeːds
*qʰʷeːds
*qʰʷeds
*ɡʷeːds
*sɢʷids
*sqʰʷed

Ancient simplification of , which is in turn phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷed): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds, *sɢʷids).

EtymologyEdit

Starostin compared this with Tibetan སད (sad, frost, cold air, cold, coldness). This may be unlikely considering the phonetic part of this character.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • serh/seh - vernacular;
  • soat - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (82)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjuæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭuɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯wɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xue
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xuě
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjwet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ot/
    English snow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5477
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sqʰʷed/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. snow
        ―  xiàxuě  ―  to snow
    2. to wipe away; to clean
    3. (Cantonese) ice; ice product

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆき
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    ⟨yuki1/juki/

    From Old Japanese. Used in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ゆき, rōmaji yuki)

    1. snow
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 27-28:[3]
        雪 [...] 和名由岐、日本紀私記云、泡雪阿和由岐、其弱如水沫故云沫雪也
    2. (metaphoric) white hair
    3. cod (fish) (from an abbreviation of the standard kanji for cod, )

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem 822), text here
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ Minamoto, Shitagō; Kyōto Daigaku Bungakubu Kokugogaku Kokubungaku Kenkyūshitu (931–938) Shohon Shūsei Wamyō Ruijushō: Honbunhen (in Japanese), Kyōto: Rinsen, →ISBN, published 1968.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (nun seol))

    1. snow
    2. white

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tuyết)

    1. snow

    Usage notesEdit

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for snow is tuyết.

    ReferencesEdit