Open main menu

ChineseEdit

five ten
simp. and trad.
(五十)
anagram 十五

PronunciationEdit


NumeralEdit

五十

  1. fifty; 50

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (五十):
  • Japanese: 五十 (ごじゅう) (gojū)
  • Korean: 오십 (五十, osip)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
goon

/ɡoʑipu//ɡoʑifu//ɡoʑɨu//ɡoʑuː/

From Middle Chinese compound 五十 (MC ŋuoX d͡ʑiɪp̚).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. fifty, 50
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. a fifty-year-old

Proper nounEdit

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji Gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. Short for 五十蔵 (Gojū‎zō): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨i so1 → */isʷo//iso/

Compound of Old Japanese elements  () (i, five, combining form) +  () (so, ten).

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. fifty, 50
    • 10th century, Kokin Waka Rokujō (book 1, volume 2, poem 725)
       (いは) (うへ) (まつ) (こすゑ) () (ゆき)いそかへり () (のち)までも ()
      iwa no ue ni matsu no kozue ni furu yuku wa isokaeri fure nochi made mo min
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. (by extension) a large quantity
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji Iso)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
jukujikun

Compound of  () () (iso, fifty, see above) +  () (-chi, "road" → counter for length of time). The chi changes to ji (historical di) as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

This kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): fifty, 50

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): a fifty-year-old; the fiftieth year

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Shift from iso (see above), used in many compounds.

Already attested in Old Japanese as 借訓 (shakkun) kana for ⟨i⟩.

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. Combining form of いそ (iso) above: fifty, 50
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. (by extension) Combining form of いそ (iso) above: a large quantity
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NumeralEdit

五十 (osip) (hangeul 오십)

  1. Hanja form? of 오십 (fifty).