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ChineseEdit

five ten
simp. and trad.
(五十)
anagram 十五

PronunciationEdit


NumeralEdit

五十

  1. fifty; 50

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (五十):
  • Japanese:  () (じゅう) (gojū)
  • Korean: 오십 (五十, osip)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

*/ŋo d͡ʑipu//ɡozipu//ɡoʑifu//ɡoʑiu//ɡoʑuː/

From Middle Chinese 五十 (MC ŋuoX d͡ʑiɪp̚).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. fifty, 50
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
ProverbsEdit

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. a fifty-year-old

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨i so1 → */isʷo//iso/

Compound of Old Japanese elements  () (i, five, combining form) +  () (so, ten).

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. fifty, 50
    • 10th century, Kokin Waka Rokujō (book 1, volume 2, poem 725)
       (いは) (うへ) (まつ) (こすゑ) () (ゆき)いそかへり () (のち)までも ()
      iwa no ue ni matsu no kozue ni furu yuku wa iso kaeri fure nochi made mo min
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. (figuratively) a large quantity

Proper ounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji Iso)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of  () () (iso, fifty, see above) +  () (-chi, "road" → counter for length of time). The chi changes to ji (historical di) as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

This kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): fifty, 50

NounEdit

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): a fifty-year-old; the fiftieth year

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Short-form of iso (see above), used in many compounds.

NumeralEdit

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. element in compounds relating to the number fifty (50)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NumeralEdit

五十 (osip) (hangeul 오십)

  1. Hanja form? of 오십 (fifty).