Last modified on 4 February 2015, at 03:22

今日

ChineseEdit

 
today; modern; present; current; this; now
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(今日)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

今日

  1. today; now
  2. nowadays

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (ke, this) +‎ (hu, day). /ke1hu/: /kepu//keɸu//kewu//keu//kjoː/

The initial /ke/ is an alternative form of the initial /ko/ (, “this”) seen in words such as ここ (koko, this place → here) or これ (kore, this [nominal] → this), and the final /hu/ is an apophonic form of (hi, day). The final /eu//joː/ sound shift is a separate but regular phonological change.

The use of the kanji (now) instead of (this) is an example of jukujikun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

今日 (hiragana きょう, romaji kyō, historical hiragana けふ)

  1. today
    • 712, Kojiki (poem #102)[1]
      毛毛志紀能 淤富美夜比登波 宇豆良登理 比禮登理加氣弖 麻那婆志良 袁由岐阿閇 爾波須受米 宇受須麻理韋弖 祁布母加母 佐加美豆久良斯 多加比加流 比能美夜比登 許登能 加多理碁登母 許袁婆
    • 905 Kokin Wakashū (poem #20)[2]
      梓弓をして春雨けふ降りぬあすさへ降らば若菜つみてん
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese compound 今日 (kim nyit). Compare modern Mandarin 今日 (jīnrì).

Goon, so likely the original reading of the term as first borrowed from Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

In faster or more informal speech, the uvular nasal ɴ is not fully pronounced.

NounEdit

今日 (hiragana こんにち, romaji konnichi)

  1. today, this day
  2. nowadays
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Chinese 今日 (kim nyit). Compare modern Cantonese 今日 (gam1jat6).

Change in reading from konnichi, keeping the earlier goon reading kon for , but substituting the later kan'on reading jitsu for .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

今日 (hiragana こんじつ, romaji konjitsu)

  1. today, this day
  2. nowadays
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1957, Yutaka Tsuchihashi, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 3: Kodai Kayōshū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-060003-6
  2. ^ 1989 February 28 [905], Noriyuki Kojima; Arai Eizō, Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 5: Kokin Wakashū (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240005-0:
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3