Chinese

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today; modern; present
today; modern; present; current; this; now
 
day; sun; date
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
 
trad. (今日)
simp. #(今日)

Pronunciation

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Note: gam1 mat6 - from assimilation.
Note:
  • gim1 rig8 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • ging1 rig8 - Chaozhou;
  • gim1 rêg8 - Jieyang.
Note:
  • jin1 r6 - vernacular;
  • jin1 nyi6 - literary.

    Noun

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    今日

    1. (formal or dialectal) today
      今日行山 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      gam1 jat6 ngo5 heoi3 zo2 haang4 saan1. [Jyutping]
      I went hiking today.
    2. (formal or dialectal) nowadays; the present time

    Usage notes

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    今日 is considered formal in Standard Mandarin.

    Synonyms

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    • (today):

    Derived terms

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    Descendants

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    Sino-Xenic (今日):

    Japanese

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    Etymology 1

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    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2 Grade: 1
    jukujikun
    For pronunciation and definitions of 今日 – see the following entry.
    きょう
    [noun] today
    [proper noun] a female given name
    (This term, 今日, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Usage notes

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    Etymology 2

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    Kanji in this term
    こん
    Grade: 2
    にち
    Grade: 1
    goon

    From Middle Chinese compound 今日 (MC kim nyit). Compare modern Taishanese reading gim1 ngit4.

    The goon, so likely the original reading of the term as first borrowed from Middle Chinese.

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (こん)(にち) (konnichi

    1. today, this day
      Synonym: 本日 (honjitsu)
    2. nowadays
      Synonyms: 此の頃 (konogoro), 現在 (genzai), 現代 (gendai)
    Derived terms
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    Etymology 3

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    Kanji in this term
    こん
    Grade: 2
    にち > ち
    Grade: 1
    on'yomi irregular

    /koɲɲit͡ɕi//koɲt͡ɕi/

    Shift from konnichi above. Used dialectally in the Shitamachi area of Tokyo since the Edo period.

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    (こん)() (konchi

    1. Same as こんにち above

    Etymology 4

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    Kanji in this term
    こん
    Grade: 2
    じつ
    Grade: 1
    on'yomi

    From Middle Chinese 今日 (MC kim nyit). Compare modern Cantonese reading gam1 jat6.

    Change in reading from konnichi, keeping the earlier goon reading kon for , but substituting the later kan'on reading jitsu for .

    Pronunciation

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    • IPA(key): [kõ̞ɲ̟d͡ʑit͡sɨ]

    Noun

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    (こん)(じつ) (konjitsu

    1. today, this day
    2. nowadays
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    (Time)
    ~ −3 −2 −1 0 +1 +2 Continual
    Day 一昨昨日 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
    Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
    Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
    Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
    Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
    Year 一昨昨年 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

    Coordinate terms

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    References

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    1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
    3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean

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    Hanja in this term

    Noun

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    今日 (geumil) (hangeul 금일)

    1. Hanja form? of 금일 (today).

    Okinawan

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    Etymology 1

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    Kanji in this term
    Grade: 2 Grade: 1

    Cognate with Japanese 今日(きょう) (kyō), and showing evidence of the affrication process common in Okinawan, causing the earlier /k-/ consonant to shift when followed by /i/ or /y-/.

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    今日(ちゅー) (chū

    1. today

    Etymology 2

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    Kanji in this term
    Grade: 2 Grade: 1

    Cognate with Japanese 今日(きょう) (kyō).

    Pronunciation

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    Noun

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    今日(きゆ) (kiyu

    1. (literary) today

    References

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    • ちゅー【今日】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
    • チュー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary (archived; reopens 2024).
    • キユ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary (archived; reopens 2024).