Chinese

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to use; according to; so as to
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
 
up; on; on top
up; on; on top; upon; first; previous or last; upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; to go up
 
trad. (以上)
simp. #(以上)
alternative forms 已上 obsolete

Pronunciation

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Noun

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以上

  1. above; more than; over
  2. greater than or equal to
  3. above-mentioned; above

Usage notes

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Unlike in Japanese, where the term unambiguously refers to an inclusive lower bound, in Chinese the interval may be inclusive or exclusive depending on context. According to the Civil Code of the People's Republic of China, legally speaking the interval is always inclusive: "民法所称的“以上”、“以下”、“以内”、“届满”,包括本数;所称的“不满”、“超过”、“以外”,不包括本数。"

Synonyms

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Antonyms

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Phrase

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以上

  1. (usually Internet slang, influenced by Japanese) that's it; that's all (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)

Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (以上):
  • Japanese: 以上(いじょう) (ijō)
  • Korean: 이상(以上) (isang)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
じょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(じょう) (ijōいじやう (izyau)?

  1. the aforementioned, the foregoing
  2. greater than or equal to
  3. (plain form verb) + 以上は: since, now that, so long as, once

Phrase

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()(じょう) (ijōいじやう (izyau)?

  1. that's it. (used at the end of a text to indicate that there is nothing further)
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References

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  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  1. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Teruo, editor (1960), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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以上 (isang) (hangeul 이상)

  1. Hanja form? of 이상 (the aforementioned, the foregoing).