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It-円.png
U+5186, 円
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5186

[U+5185]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5187]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Japanese simplification of , via a simplified character similar to 𠮚.[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 13, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY) or 月中一 (BLM), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 128, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1513
  • Dae Jaweon: page 289, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 96, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+5186
  1. ^ Toshinobu Sakaida, 円(圓)の異体字

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“circle; circular; round; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Usage notesEdit

In contemporary usage, classifier for the Japanese yen.


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. circle
  2. yen

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/wen//eɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC ziuᴇn, ɦˠiuᴇn), with the original sense of "circle, roundness".

The yen sense came much later in the Meiji period, a borrowing Mandarin (yuán), itself from 銀圓 (yínyuán, round silver object(s), especially a piece of eight). Compare Chinese (yuán, yuan) and Korean (won, Korean won).

The yen became the official currency of Japan in 1871, succeeding the (ryō) and the (mon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. a round or circular object; a circle; roundness
  2. (mathematics) circle (set of all points in plane at a given distance and at a given point)
    Synonym: 円周 (enshū)
  3. yen: the official currency of Japan
    one yen is equal to 100 (sen)
    Synonym: 円貨 (enka)
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana えん, rōmaji En, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. A surname​.
  2. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
まろ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨maro2/maro/

From Old Japanese.

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana まろ, rōmaji maro)

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of (roundness, plumpness)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
まる
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/maro//maru/

Sound shift from maro above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana まる, rōmaji maru)

  1. Alternative spelling of (circle)
Derived termsEdit

PrefixEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana まる, rōmaji maru-)

  1. Alternative spelling of : prefix to numbers remaining constant
  2. Alternative spelling of : prefix to noun to mean an object is completely in that noun

Proper nounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana まる, rōmaji Maru)

  1. A surname​.
  2. a unisex given name

Etymology 4Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana のどか, rōmaji Nodoka, alternative reading つぶら, rōmaji Tsubura, alternative reading まどか, rōmaji Madoka, alternative reading まろか, rōmaji Maroka, alternative reading みつ, rōmaji Mitsu, alternative reading めぐる, rōmaji Meguru)

  1. a female given name

(hiragana つぶら, rōmaji Tsubura, alternative reading まどか, rōmaji Madoka)

  1. A surname​.

(hiragana まろし, rōmaji Maroshi)

  1. a unisex given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

HanjaEdit

(en) (hangeul )

  1. hanja for names[1][2]

Usage notesEdit

This is the only character whose pronunciation is from modern Japanese, not from Classical Chinese.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han-Nom CharacterEdit

円 = viên