See also: and
It-円.png
U+5186, 円
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5186

[U+5185]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5187]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order (Japan)
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Japanese simplification of , via a simplified character similar to 𠮚.[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 13, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY) or 月中一 (BLM), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 128, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1513
  • Dae Jaweon: page 289, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 96, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+5186
  1. ^ Toshinobu Sakaida, 円(圓)の異体字

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“circle; circular; round; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Japanese simplification of (yuán).

PronunciationEdit


Note: rìyuán - reading it as 日圓.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. yen (unit of Japanese currency)

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. circle
  2. yen

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 1
on’yomi
  on Japanese Wikipedia
 円 (数学) on Japanese Wikipedia
 円 (通貨) on Japanese Wikipedia

/wen//eɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC ziuᴇn, ɦˠiuᴇn), with the original sense of "circle, roundness".

The yen sense came much later in the Meiji period, a borrowing Mandarin (yuán), itself from 銀圓 (yínyuán, round silver object(s), especially a piece of eight). Compare Chinese (yuán, yuan) and Korean (won, Korean won).

The yen became the official currency of Japan in 1871, succeeding the (ryō) and the (mon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(えん) (en (kyūjitai , historical kana ゑん)

  1. a round or circular object; a circle; roundness
  2. (mathematics) circle (set of all points in plane at a given distance and at a given point)
    Synonym: 円周 (enshū)
  3. yen
    one yen is equal to 100 (sen)
    Synonym: 円貨 (enka)
    • 1989 November 10 [May 25 1988], Fujiko F. Fujio, “ミニチュア製造カメラ [Miniature-Generating Camera]”, in 征地球論 [A Debate over Conquering Earth] (藤子・F・不二雄 SF全短編; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, →ISBN, 第二章, page 322:
      (いち)(おく)(えん)⁉いらん(かえ)
      Ichioku-en⁉ Iran kaere
      100 million yen!? Get outta here!
      (いっ)(せん)(まん)(えん)でいい (ひゃく)(まん)(えん)(じゅう)(まん)(えん)(いち)(まん)(えん)
      Issenman-en de ii Hyakuman-en! Jūman-en! Ichiman-en!
      Okay, 10 million yen then. 1 million! 100,000! 10,000!
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Chinese:
  • English: yen
    • Vietnamese: yên
  • French: yen
  • German: Yen
  • Korean: (en)
  • Portuguese: iene
  • Russian: иена (ijena)
See alsoEdit

AffixEdit

(えん) (en (kyūjitai , historical kana ゑん)

  1. circular; round
  2. smooth; harmonious
  3. yen: the official currency of Japan
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(えん) (En (kyūjitai , historical kana ゑん)

  1. A surname​.
  2. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
まろ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨maro2/maro/

From Old Japanese.

NounEdit

(まろ) (maro (kyūjitai )

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of (roundness, plumpness)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
まる
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/maro//maru/

Sound shift from maro above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(まる) (maru (kyūjitai )

  1. Alternative spelling of (circle)
Derived termsEdit

PrefixEdit

(まる) (maru- (kyūjitai )

  1. Alternative spelling of : prefix to numbers remaining constant
  2. Alternative spelling of : prefix to noun to mean an object is completely in that noun

Proper nounEdit

(まる) (Maru (kyūjitai )

  1. a unisex given name

Etymology 4Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(のどか) or (つぶら) or (まどか) or (まろか) or (みつ) or (めぐる) (Nodoka or Tsubura or Madoka or Maroka or Mitsu or Meguru

  1. a female given name

(つぶら) or (まどか) or (まとめ) (Tsubura or Madoka or Matome

  1. A surname​.

(まろし) (Maroshi

  1. a unisex given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

HanjaEdit

(eum (en))

  1. hanja for names[1][2]

Usage notesEdit

This is the only character whose pronunciation is from modern Japanese, not from Classical Chinese.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: viên

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.